Socialization is very important for puppies.
It has a lifelong impact on behavior and development of the adult dog. Puppy socialization involves learning about their fellow littermates, the mother and humans. A pup needs to spend time with other pups and adult dogs to learn dog language and canine social interaction. When pups play together, they learn motor and perceptual skills. They need about 2 months with their littermates. By then, they are ready for human exposure. Early contact with humans helps them overcome their fear and stress.
Interactions should be positive to develop the pup. Control of the pup can be taught through training, handling and controlled play. A pup can't take strict discipline, punishments or stress. Gentle reprimands work better. You can introduce other animal species to your pup to help it learn how to get along with them. Supervise it closely. You will have succeeded when you can observe that your pup approaches the other animal in the same way that it approaches you or another dog. This means that it has accepted the other animal.
This is also the time to train your pup in toilet-training. Set up a specific area or tray and use a marker like a piece of newspaper. Whenever you see it searching for a place to let go, direct it to the poo area.
You need to expose your pup to new things, events, objects and experiences. Different objects, people, sounds and handling are all important for its development. If your pup has long hair, it needs regular grooming and you should introduce the routine of grooming to it as early as possible. To aid puppy socialization, you need to know about the characteristics of the breed. Get information from your sources or breeder about that particular breed's activity level, trainability and other behaviors. For grooming, you need to know about its coat care.
Not all pups are born equal. There are assertive pups, shy pups, active pups and fearful pups. A responsible breeder will inquire about the buyer's needs and try to match pups to suitable families.
Shy pups are matched to homes with grown up children who can treat it well. An assertive pup needs a responsible family to provide it with firm training. However, a pup's temperament is no measure for its adult temperament. You can always enroll your pup in a puppy class to learn new skills. This will develop it into a great dog.