Before starting training, you need basic equipment like a collar or a choke chain,
a leash and training companions like old toys and doggie goodies.
The first step towards raining is wearing the collar for the un-initiated dog. If it shows irritation, distract it with a snack or by playing with it. You can start with a short interval and later slowly increase the time spent with its collar on. It will get accustomed to its collar and be cooperative about it.
When you're training your dog to learn new tricks or behaviors, use positive reinforcement like rewards to get the desired action from your pet. Dogs take better to the carrot than the stick approach. You can reward it in three ways; using verbal praise, snacks or a game. Your dog will associate that action or behavior with desirable consequences and this serves as motivation for it. Dogs love to please their masters which explains why even praise works for them. Don't use negative reinforcements like punishments or beatings when your dog disobeys you. Dogs are intelligent animals and your physical abuse can cause confusion and fear in them. They will react negatively when you punish them in the wrong way. Use a firm voice to say " No " and if necessary, give a tug at the leash.
To make your dog obey you, establish yourself as its leader. You have to be strict with your dog. One of the ways of establishing yourself as the leader of his pack is to feed your dog yourself. Make your pet follow you when walking and never let it lead you. Disallow it to be possessive of anything as this will create instances of disobedience.
Train your dog to walk on a leash by initiating it with a collar and leash within your house. When it is comfortable with it, hold the leash to lead it and praise it to encourage it. You can also lure it to follow you by using a snack or toy.
Teach your dog to sit by stroking its rear and tucking its hind legs inwards. Say the command and repeat this several times to familiarize your dog with the action and corresponding command. Reward it with one of the three ways mentioned earlier.
To teach standing, pull the leash forwards using your right hand and with your left,touch it under its chest to pull it to a standing position. Give the command " stand ". Follow the same procedure as for teaching sitting.
Get your dog to understand the " down " command by gliding the dog forward to a down position. Say the command "down" and repeat the procedure several times. You can use food to attract it to go to a down position. This down position is a submissive pose and most dogs will resist this training. You need to be very firm and repeat the training until the dog submits.
For smaller dogs, stationary exercises like sit, stand and down are best taught with you at a seated position. This is because you will appear less intimidating when you're not towering over the small dog.
Make training stimulating by keeping it short and sweet. Give your dog positive reinforcements. End each teaching session on a happy, positive note like giving your pet a snack or a game.