Keeshond Dog Pictures and Information

The Keeshond is a small dog breed that has an appearance that is similar to the Samoyed. It has ears that are shaped like triangles, and they should stand upright.


Keeshond Dog Description

The tail should be moderate in length, and the acceptable coat colors for this dog are gray and cream. The outer coat is elaborate and is very impressive to look at. The eyes of these dogs should have a chestnut shape. The markings are distinct, and these dogs will have marks around their eyes. The Keeshond is an artic breed that was first introduced in the United States in 1920. These dogs would often be used to keep watch of boats.

Keeshonds are compact but muscular dogs that make excellent watchdogs and devoted family pets.  These dogs belong to the Spitz family of dogs that are noted for their tightly curled tails.  Keeshonds resemble Samoyeds in their appearance with their fluffy outer coats.  Their coats usually come in various shades of gray with black tips and cream or pale gray undercoats.  These dogs appear to be freshly groomed most of the time because of the way their fur coats stand out away from their skin.  Keeshonds are noted for their unique and distinctive markings of “spectacles” around their eyes.  These dogs average 16-18 inches in height and weigh around 35-40 pounds (25-29 kg).  Keeshonds have a life expectancy of about 12-15 years.  

Lively, alert, and intelligent are all terms that describe Keeshonds.  They are generally very good around children and are very affectionate and friendly.  They love to interact with people and feel like a member of the family.  Keeshonds are quick learners and can be trained fairly easily with gentle and consistent methods.  Trainers should be patient and avoid jerking the dogs around too much if they with to attain success.  Keeshonds are talented and will warn their owners of dangers and therefore make great watchdogs.  

Keeshonds are typically healthy as a breed but some dogs are susceptible to hip dysplasia, heart disease, skin problems, or eye diseases.  Regular exercise will help keep these dogs fit and happy.  They will quickly adapt to routine exercise.  It is recommended that these dogs walk at least a half a mile per day or run in an open area for at least one hour per day.  They are also good swimmers and may enjoy taking a dip with their owners.  There are no special diets or feeding requirements for this breed however, these dogs tend to gain weight quickly when overfed.  Keeshonds do fine in urban environments but do need space to run and play in.  These dogs do not fair well in warmer climates, as they tend to overheat easily in their thick coats.

Grooming may not be as bothersome as one may think.  Daily brushing is vital to maintain a Keeshonds’ coats.  Stiff bristle brushes should be used to brush these coats with the grain of the hair first and then the hair should be lifted with a comb to fluff it back into place.  These dogs do not need to be bathed regularly but dry shampoo or bathing may be used when necessary.  Keeshonds shed their dense undercoats each fall and spring.  

Keeshonds originated in arctic regions and they were known as “a dog of the people” in the 18th century.  This breed has descended from Chow Chows, Elkhounds, Pomeranians, and Samoyeds.  In Holland they were sometimes called the “smiling Dutchman” for their good nature.  Keeshonds were often used to guard barges on the canals in their native Holland.  After suffering a period of neglect, this breed became popular again around 1920 when they arrived in the United States from the United Kingdom.  In more modern times, these dogs have evolved to be good watchdogs, family pets, companions, and show dogs.  These dogs are very reliable and form strong bonds with their owners and families.

Keeshond Dog

Also Known As

  • Chien Loup
  • Deutscher Wolfspitz
  • Dutch Barge Dog
  • German Spitz


The Keeshond is a great dog for children. It is intelligent, active, and cheerful. These dogs are easy to train as long as their owners are consistent. Owners will want to use patience when training them, and when they become excited, they may jump around in circles. These dogs are sociable, and enjoy being around people. These dogs do not like being alone and need to feel that they are a part of the family. The Keeshond will function well with other pets, and it is important for owners to make sure they’re trained while they are puppies. This breed makes good watchdogs and is quick to warn their owners of potential danger.

Health Problems

Owners will want to make sure they don’t overfeed this dog. The Keeshond can gain weight quickly, and it may also develop hip dysplasia, heart problems, or skin disorders. The Keeshond has a maximum life expectancy of 15 years.


These dogs only need medium levels of exercise. Owners will want to walk them each day, and they should also be allowed to run free in an open area that is secure. However, they should not be given too much exercise, as they could develop knee problems. While these dogs can live in apartments, they will function best in medium-sized yards. Because they are artic dogs, they enjoy living in cool climates. They can not deal with hot weather, and owners who live in warm regions will want to protect them during the summer months.

Special Grooming Needs

While the Keeshond has an elaborate coat, it does not need large amounts of care. The coat should be brushed daily, and it should only be cleaned when it is needed. These dogs shed large amounts of fur, and this will occur two times a year.