English Springer Spaniel Description
The tail will typically be docked, and the front legs should be straight. While these dogs will have powerful heads, it should be in proportion to the rest of the body. These dogs should also have eyes that are medium in size, and they should either be brown or hazel in color. The ears should be long enough to reach the top of the nose when it is held forward. The teeth should form a scissors bite, and English Springer Spaniels will have powerful jaws. The coat should be wavy and moderate in length, and the colors should be black, white, blue, or liver.
The English Springer Spaniel was heavily used as a hunting dog during the Renaissance. It is the dog that many other English Spaniels originated from. It has been popular in the United States since the 18th century.
English Springer Spaniels are the oldest and well-established hunting and gun dogs. They are easy to train and quite affectionate. Make great show dogs, field dogs or family pets. English Springer Spaniels like to be around people and are very playful. Leaving these dogs alone for prolonged periods may lead to behavior problems. They also love water as well as playing in water and mud. They sometimes need some gentle but firm discipline during the “adolescent” years. There are two types of English Springer Spaniels – field and bench. Field dogs are bred for hunting and field trial work while bench dogs are bred for showing.
The origins of English Springer Spaniels date back to the Renaissance times when they were considered ideal hunting dogs and companions. Their popularity in the United States began around 1700 or so. English Springer Spaniels gets their name from the method they use to flush out game. These dogs spring forward to scare birds out of hiding. They are great with hunting, tracking, retrieving and even performing tricks.
The average height for English Springer Spaniels is 18-20 inches and their average weight is about 40-55 pounds. The coloring pattern of English Springer Spaniels is liver and white or black and white. Some have tan markings. English Springer Spaniels have a close coat that is straight and smooth but not course. English Springer Spaniels have compact and well-proportioned bodies. They have long, fur covered ears and their
tails are docked.
These dogs make good family pets, filed sport dogs, and watchdogs. They are friendly, intelligent, lively, and loyal. They are good with children however they should be supervised at all times when around infants. They may tend to be aggressive around other dogs but are typically good with other animals. It is recommended that English Springer Spaniels be properly socialized beginning at an early age.
Caring for English Springer Spaniels is not too time consuming or labor intensive. It is important to give the dog weekly brushings with a stiff bristle brush. Longer coats will mat if not properly maintained and particular attention should be given to the ears and feet. Bathing or dry shampooing should only be none when necessary. Keep hair shaved or trimmed from the under side of the ears to prevent infections. The hair on the feet should also be kept short and trimmed to prevent burrs from becoming imbedded into the pads. Professional grooming should be used twice a year.
English Springer Spaniels need periods of activity each day such as long walks and open playing without a leash. Running and romping provide much needed exercise for these dogs. A home with a backyard is best for English Springer Spaniels and it is not recommended that those living in small apartments get these dogs. Owners need to be able to spend time with these dogs and exercise them daily. English Springer Spaniels also love to swim and retrieve.
English Springer Spaniels are typically healthy dogs that live happy lives that average about 10-14 years on average. Health issues for these dogs include hip dysplasia, eye disorders, blood disorders and ear infections. There are rare personality disorders like “Rage Syndrome” that can which is a form of epilepsy that is treatable. It is best to check with the breeder about a dog’s bloodline to see if there is a history of this condition before purchasing a family pet. Some dogs have a tendency to become overweight as well.
The vast majority of English Springer Spaniels are friendly dogs that are excellent with children. They are intelligent and obedient, and can be trained easily. They have lots of energy, and love to play. Despite the fact that these dogs have their tails docks, they will still wag them. English Springer Spaniels will behave best when they are in the presence of people. If they are left alone for extended periods of time, they can begin developing behavior problems. They are good with all pets except birds. They may bark excessively if they are left alone.
English Springer Spaniels can easily gain weight, so they should never be overfed. They may also develop hip dysplasia, epilepsy, PRA and other eye problems. Yeast infections in the dog’s ears are also a possibility, but weekly cleaning of a susceptible dog will help keep this problem at a minimum.
A rare genetic condition may mean that this breed shows some aggression to other dogs and humans in adulthood. .Although it should be noted that this condition is exceptionally rare, before you purchase this dog, you will want to look at its genetic line to help reduce the possibility of this occuring in the adult dog. English Springer Spaniels have a maximum life expectancy of 14 years.
These dogs enjoy extensive amounts of exercise. In fact, exercise is necessary for English Springer Spaniels to be cheerful. They will want to be taken on long walks, and owners will also want to unleash them in secure locations.
Special Grooming Needs
The coat of the English Springer Spaniel will generally need moderate amounts of care. Owners will want to use a brush which has strong bristles, and it should only be given baths when it is needed.