American Cocker Spaniel Description
The coat is medium in length and will have a texture that can be likened to silk. It will have a broad muzzle, and the jaw will be square in shape. The upper lip of the dog should cover the lower lip. The teeth are powerful and should form a scissors bite. While the nose will be black on some of these dogs, it will be brown on others.
Though the eyes have a round shape, the rim should have the shape of an oval. The dewclaws on both the front and back legs should be removed. There are numerous colors that are acceptable for the coat, and some of these are black, tan, white, red, or a combination of these colors.
Cocker Spaniels are a small, solidly built breed of dog. According to the website "American Cocker Spaniel Information", in the article entitled "American Cocker Spaniel", these well-favored dogs typically weigh between twenty-four and twenty-eight pounds. Male Cocker Spaniels are on average around fifteen inches tall, and females are about fourteen inches tall. The same article says Cocker Spaniels any larger do not qualify to participate in dog shows. "American Cocker Spaniel" says this breed of dog has an average life expectancy ranging between twelve and fifteen years.
"American Cocker Spaniel" describes the facial features of this breed. They are described as having large, drooping ears that frame an attractive face. They have a black nose, big round eyes, and the cheeks and lip overlap the bottom jaw. The website "Walters and Shackles Guide to Dog Breeds", written by Rosamund Walters, and published in 1997 by The Complete MultiMedia Co. Ltd., says the Cocker Spaniel can be liver-colored, blue, red, black, gold, black and white, or tan and black.
The online magazine entitled "Dog Owner's Guide" says in the publication "The Cocker Spaniel", which was written by Norma Bennett Woolf, and published in 2000 by Canis Major Publications, that the Cocker Spaniel, when properly bred, has very few health problems or inherited abnormalities. This article provides the following information on some health concerns of the Cocker Spaniel. It says when choosing a Cocker Spaniel puppy, it is important to ask information regarding the health background of the parents. Some illnesses and abnormalities to watch for are heart disease, epilepsy, cataracts, hemophilia, glaucoma, and retinal atrophy.
Because of their long, hanging ears, Cocker Spaniels are prone to ear problems and infections. "The Cocker Spaniel" says it is important to regularly groom and inspect the dog's ears for burrs, pests, and debris. Dogs that are not used to having their ears handled or inspected may not permit it. Grooming and inspecting a dog's ears from the time it is a puppy will help the dog to adapt to regular care and handling. The same article suggests cleaning a Cocker Spaniel's ears with a medicated product especially for the ears. If the ears are sensitive, foul smelling, or if there is a discharge, professional medical treatment will be necessary.
"The Cocker Spaniel" recommends obedience classes or training for this high-spirited breed. It says a Cocker Spaniel that has not been properly trained can exhibit some behavioral problems. Pet stores sometimes offer obedience classes, or your veterinarian may have information on obedience classes in your area. These classes are well worth the time and money. A problem dog can show a great deal of improvement after regular obedience training.
Regular vaccinations, exams, exercise, and a balanced diet will help keep your Cocker Spaniel disease-free and in top condition. Preventing problems before they begin is the key to a long, healthy life for your pet. "Cocker Spaniel" says this breed of dog loves to play games involving the retrieval of balls and sticks. Daily exercise, whether it is a brisk walk or a game of fetch, is great for your Cocker Spaniel's health and well-being.
Also Known As
The American Cocker Spaniel is a great breed that can be used as a gundog. It has a personality that is charming, sensitive, and kind. The American Cocker Spaniel is the ideal family dog and is good with children. These dogs respect the guidance of their masters and are never dominant. Their cheerful disposition can be seen by the many times these dogs will wag their tails. American Cocker Spaniels only have standard levels of intelligence, and they should be trained while they are puppies so that they are not timid when they get older.
These dogs have a number of health problems. Some of these are glaucoma, hip dysplasia, entropion, PRA, allergies, liver disease, and urolithiasis. Of all the existing dog breeds, American Cocker Spaniels are prone to getting the largest number of diseases. They should only be purchased by owners who will have the necessary expenses to care for them. These dogs have a maximum life expectancy of 15 years.
American Cocker Spaniels have large amounts of endurance. To harness this endurance, owners will want to give them large amounts of exercise. When these dogs are led on the leash, they should not be led into places where their fur could get tangled in bushes.
Special Grooming Needs
The eyes of these dogs need to be cleaned consistently. Though the coat can be kept long, it will need to be trimmed. When the coat is brushed, owners will want to avoid pulling on the fur. American Cocker Spaniels shed a standard amount of fur. Owners will want to reserve time for caring for these dogs.