German shepherd Dog Facts and Histroy

The German Shepherd, also known as an Alsatian,  is a strong dog which is black and tan in color. Some German Shepherds will have blue, white, or silver coats, but this is not considered to be desirable.


German Shepherd is a medium-sized working dog that originated in Germany until World War I was officially known in the UK as the alsatian dog and then returned after 1977. Named (German shepherd) German Shepherd

German shepherd Dog

German shepherd Dog introduction

Indeed, his appearance is similar to that of a wolf, but he is a modern German Shepherd breeder who originally had the status of a shepherd dog in 1899, but gradually because of his ability to train and obey his intelligence. Was used throughout the world for a variety of tasks, including being a prominent role in the search and rescue of the disabled, rescue police and the military department. The German Shepherd is the second most famous breed registered by the American Kennel Club and the seventh most popular breed registered by the Kennel Club.

German shepherd weight and height

(GSD) males weigh about 30 to 40 kilograms, and females weigh 22 to 33 kilograms. The (GSD) breed dogs can have a height of about 55cm to 60cm (26) inches and the size of the female from 55cm to 60cm (24) inches. Black, pink, saddle and solid black can be white or any combination of these colors. Their average age can range from 9 to 13 years. They are very loyal, smart, fearless, intelligent, motivated and reliable.

Skin and hair in german shepherd

In a German Shepherd, a word is used to describe how many layers or layers of skin there are, how long the hair is, how deep and deep it is, as we call the German Shepherd coat (GSD coat). There are many types but most of the two types of short coat and living coat are described and shown which are listed below.

Short coat

Short coat German Shepherd's hair is only about an inch thick. Short-haired German Shepherds are also called double-coat shepherds because it consists of two skin layers consisting of an outer coat and an under-coat, also known as working dogs because it has different effects The hair tolerates the weather easily and their short hair layer makes them easy to work with.

Long coat

Long coat German Shepherd's coat can reach two inches or more in length, while long-haired German Shepherd has a single coat ie skin layer. But they are also called single coats. Long coat German Shepherds are often found in the winter season, but they are very hard and expensive. They are prone to various diseases through the dirt of their hair.

The upper coat may be dyed, but most German shepherds have four types of different. I have chosen four types of German Shepherd's coat following

Saddle coat

It is the most common of all German Shepherd types, though it is usually made in two colors. It is similar to the markings on which their name is Saddle Coat. This zine refers to pieces of black skin that are on their waist, from head to tail, or from shoulder to tail. In simple terms, if a horse is saddled, we call it the saddle coat of the German Shepherd's waist from the upper neck or shoulders to the tail. The saddle coat is also called German Shepherd.

Solid color (GSD)

This breed saddle coat is less common than German Shepherd, but they are not much different. Their health status and temperament can not be ascertained. The dog's coat may be powder blue but It is unlikely that this color will be solid and we will find that in the general case if the solid color describes German Shepherd, we get to see solid black or solid white color. In this generation, the black color is more famous because of the solid white German. Shepherd is quickly disqualified from any advanced kennel club show for various reasons, leading to a solid black German Shepherd among the people. And is seen rather than in the White German Shepherd and the like.

Panda German Shepherd

Another type of (GSD) that is not very common but they have an interesting and amazing appearance that often resembles the breed of other dogs so most people do not recognize this breed. Unable to do so is due to a genetic mutation but this is a pure German Shepherd breed. This type of German Shepherd has a white coat on the abdomen and legs, but other parts have a black or tan color coat that they absolutely need. Similar to the Panda shows, like other German Shepherds, this breed is vibrant, strong, and an ideal domestic or domestic breed, but why does it conflict with some breeds? Often breeders who do not have a white mark on the German Shepherd, or say that white is considered a mistake The main controversy is that this breed is of low stock and very difficult to meet but so far Health is averaged over the rest of the German Shepherd types.

Sable coat (GSD)

Sable coat is German Shepherd's technical term agouti. Sable pattern does not appear in the middle like saddleback German Shepherd, instead, they have different colored hairs on each side of the body. Provides a subtle appearance This color changes as they age, One color may be thicker than any other color The colors of this breed may have a combination of pink, tan, silver or gold. All Sable coats are German Shepherd initially light tan and then darker as they age.

Similar to the German Shepherd breed

There are many other Shepherd breeds similar to the German Shepherd in the world, including Belgian Shepherd, King Shepherd, Duch Shepherd, Shiloh Shepherd, but other than the Pure Bloodline King Shepherd, the rest are far beyond the reach of the general public. Hard to see species of pure bloodlines.

King german shepherd

German Shepherd for breeding puppies, and Long-coated British-style German Shepherd with Alaskan malamute and Akita breed dogs. Crossed After the crossing of these different breeds, this breed came into existence in 1990. King Shepherd is the most powerful breed of King Shepherd The dog has a long, strong and solid body. Owners of the system are very intelligent and easy to train. King Shepherd is also naturally a protector and watchman in his role.

You appear to be a sign of a good guard dog, but because of their large size, they need exercise and training on a daily basis. Indeed, good food also has a significant impact on its size (KGSD). Males weigh about 59kg to 68kg, and males weigh 41kg to 50kg. (KGSD) Breed dogs can have a height of about 74 cm (29) inches and the female size is up to 69cm (27) inches. Dogs of this breed vary in color, mostly black, pink, saddle. , Gold, cream color, silver or any of these colors. Their average lifespan can range from 10 to 14 years

Breeding period

Usually, they are ready for breeding in six to eight months, but professional breeders bring them to the bread after two years and prefer the same period as before. There are problems such as the difference in the color of a child, the difference in height and size is not the first of these problems. Fertility can be obtained from this breed for up to eight years. But these are older breeds of dogs so their pregnancy may be slightly longer than that of small breed dogs. For the first time, females give birth to two to five babies. The average number of babies can range from 7 to 10 Some larger and healthier females can produce 10 to 15 babies, while smaller and less healthy females can produce 5 to 8 babies.


The intelligent German Shepherd is especially known for his intelligence. This is a good reason for which he is now famous. In the book "The Intelligence of Dogs", this generation is awarded the third position in terms of intelligence. This book tells the German Shepherd to be told or command no more than five times only. So he learns and always remembers but 95% of German Shepherd dogs have obeyed the first command during the test, which shows that this is the best breed. This haunting combined with their power makes them desirable as policemen, guards, and search and rescue dogs, as they can learn different tasks quickly and translate better instruction from other larger breeds.

Gaurd dog

German Shepherds are a very popular choice to use as working dogs. He is especially known for his police work, used to track criminals, patrol the troubled areas, and locate and capture suspects. Additionally, thousands of German Shepherds have been used by the military. They are used to alert soldiers to the enemy presence or booby traps or other dangers. German Shepherds have also been trained by parachutes from aircraft by military groups; search and rescue, cadaver search, drug discovery, explosive detection, high-speed detecting and detecting it by someone's scent. German Shepherd dogs are also used.

Health and diseases

Many of the common diseases of the German Shepherds are the result of an existing generation of diseases. One such common illness is hip and elbow dysplasia, which often causes joint pain that can cause the dog to suffer later in life. A study by the University of Zurich in relation to dogs working in the police found that 45% of German Shepherds were affected by sleep development, although the sample studied was low. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals found that 19.1% of German Shepherds suffered from hip dysplasia. Due to the large and open nature of their ears, Shepherd is prone to ear infections. German Shepherds also bloom like all other large-bred dogs.


If the bloodline is to be described to the general public, it can be said that the health of a dog and his mental well-being can be improved if you are a pure bloodline dog. Health and working ability are of the highest quality. They do not get sick very quickly. Pure Bloodline dogs are well trained and always obey their owners and remain loyal to their owners throughout life.

German shepherd Dog History

In Europe during the 1850s, efforts were being made to standardize dogs breed. The breeds of dogs were raised to protect the traits that help them to breed sheep and protect herds from predators.

This was practiced in the local communities in Germany, where the shepherds selected different dogs that they believed had the necessary skills to feed the sheep, such as the deep senses of intelligence, speed, power, and aroma. Was done and cross-bred with a new breed of dogs that were capable of doing so, but their appearance and abilities differed significantly from one place to another. Some members believed that dogs should be reared for work purposes only, while others believed that dogs should promote beautiful appearance and that dogs should be reared for beauty in order to deal with these differences in the "Flux Society" Was created in 1891 with the intention of breeding a standard dog in Germany.

The Society was terminated after just three years due to ongoing internal disputes over dog breeds. In 1899, a person named Von Stephanitz, who was counted among members who thought dogs should be reared solely for work, did not mean beauty in their eyes when Van was attending a dog show. A dog named Hektor Linksrhein was spotted. Hector was the product of a few breeds of selected breeds Stephanites thought he should be a working dog, he was happy with the dog's power and the intelligence, loyalty, and beauty of the dog ran so fast that he immediately gave it to him. Bought After purchasing the dog, it was renamed Horand von Grafrath, and Von Stephanitz founded the Society for German Shepherd Dogs (Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde). Howard was named the first German Shepherd Dog and was the first dog to be included in the breed of society.

Howard became the center of breeding programs Many children were born thanks to Howard, but the most successful of them was Hector von Schwaben. The "Hector" was crossed with the descendants of "Horand" (Beowulf). ) The breeder named Beowulf, who later bred fourteen dogs, was cross-reared with Hector's other offspring. The original German Shepherd's book, Zuchtbuch für Deutsche Schäferhunde (SZ), includes four Wolf Crosses, within two pages of entries from SZ No. 41 to SZ No. 76. (Beowulf's progeny) Beowulf's offspring were also born of pure breeds, as they were also born of a German Shepherd breed, and it is thanks to dogs of the same breed that all German Shepherds breed mutually.

It is believed that the Society has fulfilled its purpose mostly due to the strong, compromising leadership of the Van Stephanitz, and for this reason has the honor of being the creator of the German Shepherd Dog. There has been unequivocal criticism of the idea that German Shepherds should be reared primarily like working dogs, and that this breed should be strictly controlled to eliminate defects quickly in an effort to beautify it. We will be lost on the original German Shepherd breed and its benefits.

Deutscher Schäferhund was named by Deutscher Sch شیferhund, translated literally by the German Shepherd Dog. This breed is named because of its original purpose of protecting the sheep and helping the shepherds in the flock. At that time, all other dogs in the herd were named in Germany. Thus they became known as Altdeutsche Schäferhunde or the ancient German Shepherd dogs. The direct translation of this name was adopted for use in the official generation registry.

However, it was believed that because of the anti-German sentiment of the era, the inclusion of the word "German" would damage the popularity of the race. The breed was formally renamed "Alstian Wolf Dog" by the British Kennel Club, which was adopted by many other international kennel clubs. Eventually, the wolf (the wolf-dog, Wolf Dog) was abolished and only the name Alstian was left. The name Alsatian goes back to 1977, after the First World War in 1977 when it was allowed to re-register the breed as a German Shepherd Dog in the British Kennel Club on successful dog hunt campaigns. The name Gaya Alsatian lived for five decades. The word "Alsatian" was still officially used by the name of the breed but the name was removed in 2010.

Angulation (Slope): - Angular simply refers to the angle that a dog's bones meet when standing. Proper angulation enables the dog to do its work, also known as the back slope, commonly called It was made in the Angular breeds are mostly used in kennel shows because the Angulation breed looks more beautiful than the non-Angular breed, but both the Angulation and the Non-Angular breeds are called Purebread.

Controversy: - Conflict: - The 'Kennel Club' show is now in conflict with German breed clubs over the issue of German Shepherd's Strength. The Kennel Club is paying more attention to the German Shepherd's beauty and for that purpose, German Shepherd's Bread is producing but it has come to an extent that is not suitable for German Shepherd's service work and is leading to many diseases, including hip dysplasia, while German Shepherd.

The club's "German Shepherd Working Pedigree Lines" are commonly used as service dogs, including the back of a dog called the common language. I say angulation is equivalent to no, but traditionally Brad is taking over the issue when the issue was raised in the BBC's documentary, "Canal Pedigree Dog Exposed," which said It has been described by critics of the breed as "half dog, half frog." An orthopedic doctor remarked on footage of dogs in show colors saying they were "not normal."

The Kennel Club's position is that "this issue of sophistication is not an easy distinction of opinion, but rather a fundamental issue of the essential structure and movement of the race." It also calls for more testing for hemophilia and hip dysplasia, other common race problems.