Introduction of Camels
There are two main types of camels found in the world. One humped camel generally called Dromedary ( Camelus dromedarius ) is found in the Arabian deserts, Iran, Afghanistan, Central, and South Asia and the other is Bactrian ( Camelus bactrianus ) two-humped camel, which is found in central Asia, Russia and China. In Pakistan, the dromedary type of camels are found with a population of around 1.00 million while the number of Bactrian is said to be approximately 1000 animals only, which are available in extremely northern areas of the country or a few are kept in the zoos.
Characteristics of Camel
The camels are regarded as the most intelligent animals and can find out their way in the desert when there are no signs of the road. It is a unique beast of burden, which is loaded in a sitting position and gets up with a jerk of its long neck. Camels do not need to be shod. The flat pads of the feet are horny and cushioned and help the camel to walk on the sand without making any sound while the feet of other animals sink into the sand. Due to this trait, the camel has been given the name " ship of the desert ". Camel is better as riding animals than a horse.
They are quieter and gentler than horses. Camels can carry more weight than horses. Also, a well-designed camel saddle has more room to carry whatever extra gear. The long muscular legs allow camels to cover great distances; they walk up to 40 km per day with 200 to 300 kg of baggage. Riding a camel is quiet and peaceful. The ability of camel to allow its body temperature to fluctuate in response to certain forms of environmental stress saves significant amounts of energy and water. The well-developed hump is full of fat that serves as a store of water and food at the time of starvation. The fat of hump gets dissolved gradually during starvation and collects again when the camel gets adequate water and feed.
Camel can eat anything when tired and hungry. Under very hot conditions, the camel may drink only every 8-10 days and loose up to 30% of its live body weight through dehydration. Other animals die at 10% live body loss through dehydration. They can live without water for 3 days in summer and 7 days in winter. However, there are some examples of this animal remaining without water for 20 to 40 days. After 40 days the camel goes blind due to excessive dehydration. The chest pad helps the animal to rest while sitting on the ground. The rest of the body is saved from concussion against the ground. There are other pads at the knee and half joint and in front of the joint of thighs. These prevent the limbs from concussion against the ground.
The camel sleeps less and possesses great power of remembrance. It keeps in mind the harsh behavior, beating or even the abuses from the camel man and takes revenge at the appropriate time. Camels are hornless and lack gall bladder. Their ears are small but have a great power of hearing. Camel can hear and understand the voice of its herder from a long distance. Camel has prominent eyes with a wide range of vision.
They are protected by an overhanging upper lid with long eyelashes, which protect the eyeballs from powerful rays of the sun. The upper lip of the mouth has a cut in the middle. The flaps of the upper lip not only help in catching the twigs (thin shoots of the trees and bushes) but also enable the nostrils to cover to keep out the sand and dust at the time of sand/dust storms. Camel has a well-developed power to smell. They can smell water 50 miles away. Camels urinate less than 1 liter of urine per day in hot summer days.
breeds of camel
- Bagri or Booja
- Brela or Thalocha
Camel Milk Benefits for Humen
When a camel is deficient, it still has a significant amount of water in its milk. It also has a significant amount of other salts such as sodium chloride. Remember that salt is very important to a person's physical needs, especially in the desert, where heat exhaustion is high. In addition to sweat, sodium chloride is released from our bodies. This lack of salt can cause many diseases in our body. In this situation, drinking camel milk can counteract the reduction of sodium chloride.
Camel milk is structurally similar to Humen's mother's milk. Being rich in proteins (vitamins) and vitamins, less energy is given to children and adults. It contains calcium, vitamins A, B and B 2 as well as several important minerals such as potassium, zinc, copper, magnesium, sodium, and iron. Is cow's milk better or camel's? This question keeps popping up in people's minds.
Nutritionists say that the fat in camel's milk is lower than cow's milk. Camel milk has the highest levels of milk than potassium, steel, copper, magnesium, sodium, and zinc. Camel's milk contains ten times more steel than cow's milk. Camels increase in camel's milk during hot and dry days. Since vegetables and fruits are not available in the desert, drinking camel milk helps to reduce the deficiency of vitamin C. Lifestyle enhances immune response. In severe heat seasons, heathens also protect against the sun's heat and cold. Camel milk contains 23 mg per liter of vitamin A.
Camel milk contains antibacterial compounds that are very beneficial to the human body. In addition to the subcontinent, most of the cows are breastfed in the world. Medical facts suggest that calcium is higher in camel's milk than cow's milk. Camel milk relieves joint pain and inflammatory bone diseases. Camel milk products are rich in nutrition, along with cheese, ice, rose jam and other excellent ingredients.
Camel milk cheese is very tasty and its demand is high in the Middle East and Europe. Camel milk can be the best substitute for sweets in the bakery industry in our country. Camel milk contains a significant amount of vitamins, salts, minerals, and grease. Camel is an invaluable donation of power to diabetic patients because it contains a significant amount of insulin, which is much higher than cow's milk. Insulin is a hormone that is rare in diabetic patients and they have to be taken in the form of a hormone. Camel milk is a cure for diabetes in diabetic patients.
Since ancient times, camel's milk has been used as a medicine in India for the treatment of jaundice, epilepsy, tuberculosis, asthma, and hemorrhoids as Ayurvedic remedies. One of the most important nutrients found in camel's milk is lactoflavin, which is very useful in improving living conditions in jaundice patients. Liver performance becomes very poor in liver and liver cancer.
In this case, camel's milk is considered to be useful in the development and functioning of the liver. Camel's milk contains a fair amount of cholesterol, which is a good nutritional option for people with heart disease. Camel's milk is equivalent to not having the germ of yogurt, while it is found in cow's and buffalo's milk. If camel's milk is a nutritious alternative,
it can prevent this deadly and infectious disease. Camel milk is also an excellent constipation medicine. If this milk is fed to a sick person, it will not only heal, but it will also help in the growth of her bones.
The interesting thing about camels
is that snake meat is the favorite food of the camel, and the snake meat gives it plenty of appetites. The snake's meat is hot, when the camel eats it, he feels thirsty and he goes to a pool of water to quench his thirst. At that time, the poison of the snake will spread to his body so he, despite being thirsty, does not drink water for a while after reaching the pond.
He starts bubbling up like he is in a difficult situation and is crying to someone for help. Then his eyes start to tear. Allah made two small holes under his pockets. His tears come out of the pits and accumulate in these pits, and thus the poison of the snake becomes tears and tears come out of the eyes. Promotes scorpion bite.
Camel meat is relatively high in polyunsaturated fatty acids in comparison to beef. This is an important factor in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Camel meat is also used for remedial purposes for diseases such as hyperacidity, hypertension, pneumonia, and respiratory disease.
Camel lean meat contains about 77% water, 19% protein, 2.8% fat, and 1.2% ash with a small amount of intramuscular fat, which renders it a healthy food for humans. Camel meat has raspberry red to dark brown color. The fat of the camel meat is white. Camel meat is processed and used in burgers, patties, sausages, etc.
Camels reach live weights of about 650 kg at 7 – 8 years of age, and produce carcass weights ranging from 125 to 400 kg with dressing-out percentage values from 55% to 70%. Camel carcasses contain about 57% muscle, 26% bone, and 17% fat.