According to the data released by the department, there are 464 different types of birds, 98 species of lactating and backbone animals, as well as 5 to 6 thousand plants used in medicine.
Endangered species of Mammals in Pakistan
|Common name||Scientific name|
|Asian black bear||Ursus thibetanus|
|Balochistan forest dormouse||Dryomys niethammeri|
|Black finless porpoise||Neophocaena phocaenoides|
|Brown bear||Ursus arctos isabellinus|
|Burrowing vole||Hyperacrius fertilis|
|Chinese white dolphin||Sousa chinensis|
|European otter||Lutra lutra|
|Fishing cat||Prionailurus viverrinus|
|Goitered gazelle||Gazella subgutturosa|
|Hairy-footed gerbil||Gerbillus gleadowi|
|Himalayan goral||Naemorhedus goral|
|Himalayan marmot||Marmota himalayana|
|Himalayan Musk Deer||Moschus leucogaster|
|Honey badger||Melivora capensis|
|Indian pangolin||Manis crassicaudata|
|Indian wild ass||Equus hemionus khur|
|Indus river dolphin||Platanista minor|
|Kashmir Muskdeer||Moschus cupreus|
|Kashmir vole||Alticola montosa|
|Marbled polecat||Vormela peregusna|
|Mountain sheep||Ovis ammon|
|Mountain weasel||Mustela altaica|
|Pallas's cat||Otocolobus manul|
|Red deer||Cervus elaphus|
|Sand cat||Felis margarita|
|Smooth-coated otter||Lutrogale perspicillata|
|Snow leopard||Panthera uncia|
|Striped hyena||Hyaena hyaena|
|Wild goat||Capra aegagrus|
Endangered species of Reptiles in Pakistan
- Testudo horsfieldii
Endangered species of Birds in Pakistan
- Aythya baeri
- Sterna acuticauda
- Threskiornis melanocephalus
- Limosa limosa
- Chaetornis striata
- Catreus wallichii
- Aegypius monachus
- Pelecanus crispus
- Neophron percnopterus
- Numenius arquata
- Falco peregrinus peregrinus
- Coracias garrulus
- Aythya nyroca
- Ardeotis nigriceps
- Clanga clanga
- Chlamydotis undulata
- Rynchops albicollis
- Clanga hastata
- Gyps indicus
- Ficedula subrubra
- Falco jugger
- Phoeniconaias minor
- Falco naumanni
- Anser erythropus
- Tetrax tetrax
- Locustella major
- Marmaronetta angustirostris
- Anhinga melanogaster
- Mycteria leucocephala
- Columba eversmanni
- Haliaeetus leucoryphus
- Circus macrourus
- Prinia burnesii
- Falco cherrug
- Grus antigone
- Grus leucogeranus
- Vanellus gregarius
- Phylloscopus tytleri
- Tragopan melanocephalus
- Oxyura leucocephala
- Gyps bengalensis
- Indicator xanthonotus
Endangered species of Fishes in Pakistan
- Aetomylaeus nichofii
- Thunnus obesus
Endangered species of Marine animals in Pakistan
- Acropora: Acropora formosa, Acropora pharaonis, Acropora hyacinthus, Acropora horrida, Acropora granulosa
- Birdsnest Coral: Seriatopora caliendrum
- Blue Coral: Heliopora coerulea
- Closed Brain Coral: Leptoria phrygia
- Crisp Pillow Coral: Anomastraea irregularis
- Erythrastrea flabellata
- Pseudosiderastrea tayami
- Fungia curvata
- Goniastrea peresi, Goniopora stokesi, Goniopora lobata, Goniopora columna
- Hydnophora microconos, Hydnophora exesa
- Montastrea annuligera
- Montipora venosa, Montipora stilosa, Montipora foliosa
- Favites flexuosa, Favites flexuosa, Favites chinensis, Favites micropentagona, Favites halicora
- Galaxea astreata
- Tubipora musica
- Parasimplastrea sheppardi
- Pavona venosa, Pavona diffluens, Pavona decussata, Pavona cactus
- Physogyra lichtensteini
- Platygyra: Platygyra lamellina
- Porites: Porites harrisoni, Porites echinulata
- Psammocora contigua
- Acanthastrea: Acanthastrea hillae
- Turbinaria: Turbinaria reniformis, Turbinaria peltata
According to Dr. Kamran Hussain, coordinator of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Peshawar, geographical factors are the main reason for the occurrence of such wildlife in the province. The high mountains and the glaciers on them, the presence of hot humid areas, the barren, rainforest and fertile lands are guaranteed to give habitat to all kinds of habitats. However, thanks to the province's climate change, temperature and population growth and the unwise use of natural resources, they are gradually losing their breeding ground and habitat.
He said that the provincial government should talk to the NGOs on this issue as the problem of survival of such a large number of wildlife in the province indicates that our environment is created by factories, vehicles, and other factors. Various poisonous gases have caused the sick and the ecosystem to be severely affected, affecting all living beings, including humans.
He cited a report Living Planet Report 2018, saying that in the last 40 years, 60% of the world's wild and marine species have disappeared from the earth.
Wildlife can protect wildlife only if there is effective legislation, implementation, and provision of resources in the province, Syed Kamran said.
According to the book Distribution and Status of Wildlife of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa published by the Department of Wildlife in the province, snow leopards, bears, Indian penguins, manal butterflies, snowflakes, CC butterflies are the animals of this province that are breed by province. I have already been rare, but now bloody foxes, desert cats, black scatters are animals whose breeds have been endangered and constantly endangered.
Similarly, wolves, leopards, black leopards, crawling animals, ibex, small horned deer, gazelle deer, red-headed sheep, musk deer, Asian breeders, bay bait are the local species here, but after suffering from various breeding issues due to the adverse effects of climate, their habitat has largely disappeared and they are rarely seen here. Similarly, the Sukkur Falcon, on the banks of the river Indus, is the hog deer that have been affected since the dam was created and are constantly being hunted by humans in search of their habitat, which is also causing their descent. ۔
In the wake of the National Climate Change Policy, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the most affected province due to climate change. Due to changes in rainfall times, rise in temperature and indiscriminate use of natural resources by humans, the various sectors like agriculture, rivers, and forests as well as wildlife habitat and breeding grounds have changed. And issues like production and survival are taking over.
According to Dr. Mohammad Niaz, in charge of wildlife conservation and awareness programs at the Department of Wildlife, wildlife residing on the province's forests, mountains and glaciers is a guarantee of our environment's survival, and to keep the environment free from all kinds of disease. They have a unique role to play.
Awareness about this is important in society at this time.
He said the department is currently running an integrated program on animal and bird safety in various government educational institutions in the province. Under the program, 200 public schools in the province's dimensions have been named green clubs, where classes are given during the academic year on the role of wildlife in the province's environment and new challenges facing their survival. Programs are held.
All of these schools are mostly in the mountainous areas of the province. In addition, about 14 percent of the province's land is covered by the government, including 6 national parks, 3 wildlife shelters, 38 game reserves, 105 public, and private game reserves, where a complete ban on hunting of any animal. In addition, experts protect wildlife from extinction through in-situ and ex-situ conservation practices.
In addition, there are now 26 places in the province where community and department cooperation is being promoted and taken care of by the state's various wildlife so that their species can be preserved for the future.
According to Khan, who served as Assistant Director of Climate Change Cell in Pakhtunkhwa, the first survey on climate change policy for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the first environment-based law in the province, showed that the temperature in the province between 1980 and 2015 The snow accumulated on one side is melting rapidly due to the heat, and the animals on it migrate in search of a better environment, and during this migration human hands are falling prey.
On the other hand, the different wildlife in the forest are worried about climate change and are facing a new challenge posed by climate change. The survey also reveals that in situations where the weather is not favorable, many animals not only suffer breeding but because they do not get the desired environment, they die unconsciously. According to statistics, there are currently about 20 different types of animals in the province that are facing the challenge of survival in terms of breeding.
According to Dr. Mohammad Adnan, assistant professor of zoology at the University of Peshawar, wildlife affected by climate change in the province has emerged as a major challenge for the government, which requires urgent action. Access to the habitat of all wildlife who are undergoing climate change in different parts of our province is a laborious process.
He said that the breeding of wildlife, including artificial methods of protection and care, is taught as an article in European universities, but unfortunately in Pakistan, the forestry departments work in the wildlife and their various projects. Now, in such a situation, how to expect optimal results?
He said that to work on the survival and protection of wildlife in the face of climate change, the provincial government, like other countries, not only needs to manage the resources but also needs to be properly positioned so that better results can be achieved. Ask. Dr. Mohammad Adnan also said that urgent steps are also needed to teach the Wildlife essay in the university so that not only the experts in this field can be exposed, but in the future, a solution can be taken to tackle the problem.
It should be noted that despite the presence of wildlife legislation in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it is not being implemented properly, which is affecting diversity in the province's biological system. There are laws regarding climate change and wildlife such as The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Wildlife and Biodiversity Act, 2015 and the Climate Change Policy for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa that require action.
But foreign NGOs working on forests, agriculture, and wildlife believe that the Climate Change Directorate is needed to implement the Climate Change Policy.
It is important to note that at present, all environmental issues in Pakhtunkhwa are seeing a cell comprising a few persons in the environment, who take timely steps in various sectors of the city to understand and address environmental problems. Talented. An official of the cell said on condition of anonymity that the directorate's decision in the province was part of the policy on which the provincial government could not start work even after four years, which led to further problems of climate change. And the province is losing its natural resources.