Napier grass | Pennisetum purpureum

Napier grass requires warm and moist climate, clay to clay loam soil for good growth. It is a prolific yielder and has recently acquired a great popularity.


Local names: Pusa giant napier grass, Elephant grass

The crop is sown from end  of February to end of August in the northern India. But for getting the maximum return in terms of yield, the crop should be sown by the end of February, since late sowing may give only one cut till the end of November after which it remains in a dormant  stage.

The first cut is ready after three months of plantation and thereafter every 50-60 days. The objective of green fodder is to at least provide a maintenance  ration.  A  fodder which does not satisfy this condition cannot  be recommended for adoption under any circumstances regardless of its yield. The Pusa giant napier has a fabulous yield, but  the yield depends on the height of the   plant

at which it is harvested. Napier grass


Nutritive value

For instance, if napier grass is harvested at 3.5 m height, the yield may be a little more     but the fodder may be of little value to an animal nutrition because it does not constitute      a maintenance ration and thus the very purpose of green fodder production is defated. To obtain satisfactory results this grass should not be fed alone but with legumes, concentrate or oil cakes. It contains 8-12% crude protein and 26-28% crude fiber. The total digestible nutrient ranges from 55-58%.