ANC _ Developed Barseem Silage as economical animal feed source, reducing the 75% cost of animal balance feed.

By: Dr. Khalid Pervaiz . DVM ; M,Ph- UVAS

"Farm Manager ,Govt. Livestock Farm Animal L&DD, Department Punjab.Lahore."

Animal Nutrition centre, Livestock and Dairy Development Department Punjab ,Lahore developed economical balanced animal feed “BARSEEM SILAGE” reducing the 50% cost of animal feed in fattening calves .

The project aim was to preserve highly Nutritional value of Barseem forage 20% crude protein and 65% Total Digestibility Nutrient equal to cotton seed and Anmol wanda in the form of silage for the whole year as Balance animal feed which is available only for few month as winter crop .

Barseem (T. alexandrinum L.), Fodder is very popular fodder and commonly cultivated as a winter annual fodder crop in tropical and subtropical countries as Pakistan, Egypt, India, Turkey and other countries in Mediterranean region. In Pakistan high area of Punjab is under cultivation. The merit of the crop lies in its multicut nature (4 -6 cuts), long duration of green fodder availability (November to April), high green fodder yield 34 tons/acres), good forage quality (20% crude protein)

At ANC, Barseem silage trial was successfully conducted in fattening calves reducing the 50% production cost as compared TMR(Total Mix Ration ) Ration used at ANC for animal fattening used .The animal showed same weight gain as another group on TMR ( Control group) The role of Barseem silage is as a economical as Rs 1/kg. This economical silage will boost up livestock sector in Pakistan as traditional feed cost “cotton seed cake” and “Anmol Wanda” rate is more than Rs.20/kg having the same nutrient value as Barseem silage at the rate of Rs.1/kg only.

The main hurdle to develop livestock sector in Pakistan is high feed cost, un-availability of milk and Beef breed and daily cutting and chopping of fodder is most laborious and time consuming and use of unbalance and low nutrient fodder with wheat straw (Bossa).In whole world wheat straw is not used as animal feed due to its zero nutritional value but in Pakistan Million of tons wheat straw is being used by our farmers as silage making technology (which is very simple ) was not introduced in farmer community still .

The cost of Barseem silage is 5 time less than wheat straw and having 20 time more Nutritional value in it.

With the introduction of economical Barseem silage in Farmers community at village level we can develop Livestock sector rapidly and successfully with our low potential Livestock Breed.

By providing the quality silage forage feed on economical rate to animals Livestock growth may be enhanced in Pakistan.,Health status and production level of our animals is very low due to poor and unbalanced feed. Maturity age is very high due to this factor resulting in huge economic losses

Now a days New hybrid multi-cut fodder varieties are introduced in Pakistan by certain seed multi-national companies having high yield production as sweat sorghum (Honey Graz by Auriga Group) Having production 60 tons in 3 cut/Acre and second fodder winter croup from same land farmer can get 20 ton of maize .In this way he can get 80 tons fodder annually if this annual production is preserved by Silage making he can get 80 ton silage per Acre which is sufficient for 6-8 adult animals.

Silage not only saves the labour time of daily difficult job of fodder cutting , in Pakistan the 1/3 farmer community of Pakistan is involved daily laborious fodder cutting activity even extreme hot and cold weather . By introducing the Silage making technology among livestock keeper community ,this human source can focus on better management of their livestock and other Agriculture activities which may result in better production of livestock and agriculture sector

The area under fodder crops in Punjab (Pakistan) has been estimated to be 2.7 million hectares, which is about 14-16% of the total cropped area with annual fodder production of 57 million tons, giving a national average 21.1 tons per hectare . Due to low per acre yield and minimum area under fodder production, the available fodder supply is 54-60% less than that actually needed. This shortage in supply is being coupled with the reduction in area under fodder crops by 2% after each decade .

The performance of dairy animals depends on the consistent availability of quality fodder in adequate amount. Therefore, the critical limitation on profitable animal production in developing countries is the adequacy of quality forage (Sarwar et al., 2002). In many developing countries because of ever growing human need for food, only limited cultivated land can be allocated to fodder production. Moreover, in our region, low per acre fodder yield and fodder scarcity periods, one is during summer months and second in the winter months, further aggravate the situation (Sarwar et al., 2002). In rest of the year, fodder is abundantly available and remains intact in the fields. Manipulating this surplus fodder can bridge the gap between supply and demand during scarcity periods.

.Preservation of surplus fodder by silage making when fodder is abundant can help to reduce its irregular supply pattern round the year.Non-leguminous crops are extensively being used worldwide for silage making having relatively low buffering capacity and low concentrations of fermentable carbohydrates. Therefore, pH decline is not rapid and final pH is usually low .Any produce which has sufficient fermentable carbohydrate may be ensiled, but the most popular crop is the maize , however, the silage can be made from maize without cobs sorghum , millet, mott grass and Jambo grass in summer crops and in winter crops Bareem ,lucern which have high level of Nutritive value can be grow and preserved as silage in summer season for excellent results as in summer all fodder crops have low nutritative value that adversely effect of animal production system with extreme hot season stress .

By silage we can provide uniform feed pattern to livestock throughout year, has very positive effect on animal production system ,in our routine livestock farmer provide different fodder having different nutritive values in different seasons of Pakistan so in this way we can not provide uniform feed pattern to Livestock according to their requirements , on the other hand frequent changes in fodder also disturb the ruminal Flora which have negative effect on animal production .Maximum growth and production can easily achieved by use of good quality Silage throughout years.