Cattle Show from 1939-1941 w th a peak yield of 2S.4 liters. Despite having indigenous potentiaf of livestock Sector for national growth and poverty ,alleviation, the unit product.ion of our livestock has been far
lesser than the actual potential due to vaiiety of reasons inclu,ding ma????et distortions, nutrition, management, extension services and
indiscriminate use of genetic resourcesfor breed improvement. There is a dire need to improve the production of animals vertically rather than horintallv and quality of ltvestock???? Such improvement at individual farms may add up to welfare gajn·s and food secufity by providing food, em·ployment, and inconie at the national leve1.
But increasing population of exotic crossbred and non-desc:ript low l)toducers is not only inviting new strains of pathogens but also impacting environment leading to climate change by producing methane, owning to their role in global warming and food inse<:urity, Due to non·exi'stence of standardizaition of semen and regulatory framework, mushrooming production t1nits/ importers wer.e supplying semen of unknown/inferior quality res!Alting in deterioration of livestock genetic potential on one hand and 8AOMILK influx at the other.
It is pertinent to mention that Pakistan was mad<! an experimental ground for test and triaJ of substandard' semen. Huge qua11tity of semen contalnin_gAlAl genotype to, beta cas.????in was being lmpofted, W milk of which is tt?fmed as 8Jd Milk al\d is reported to be cause of autoimmune diseases, hepatitis, heart djseases, autism and diabetes in human beings.
Similarly, on-approved training institutes to train the anificial insemination service provider$ were also cropping up. The duration of training vafied ftom one week to three months whefeas t.he public sector is impartine training of two· year duration. This resulted into a t:rop of untrained and unskilted artificial insemination service providers wh.lch funher aggravated the situation thfOugh damaging the reproductive systemsofthebreedinganimals.
Keeping in view the above said scenari-0 and to immediately ch.eek furthef decay, on the SOS:c:all of the poor bfeede,s, livestock department
through extensive circulatory consultations btinvolving all stake holders and recommendations of Yafious fora starting from 1972 to 2014 were gone through once again. Livestock & Dairy Development Department got approved its first ever Livestock Policy to put the things on right track The main pillar of the policy is "'paradigm $hift from curative to pfeventive/ production fegime". The final outc.ome was incorporated in draft P-onjab livestock Breeding Act, 2014 which was again shared and consulted with each stakeholder. Finally, Punjab Uvestodc breeding Act, 2014 was eoacted on May, 2014. The same is under lmpleme-ntatlon phase which fully protects rights of each stake holder, specially the livestock farmers by pfovidin8 a guarantee of ONA r,rofiling of the progeny Breeding policy, an integral part of livestock policy which encompasses genetic improvement of indigenous ca«le and buffalo breeds for milk pmductjon and quality through selection based on performance recording, long term improvement in productivity requires milk recrding and genetic evaluation inVQlving livestock farmers. Non·· descript buffaloes are to be upgraded with Nill Ravi and Kundi in their respective home tracts. Cattle breeding aimed at development of indigenous dairy breeds. like Sahiwal and Cholistani for milk production through selective breeding .and from nondescript cows thrrough crOlssbreeding.
Regulatory fran,e work alons with standatdiz-ation of each $&gment of breeding chain was therefore required under legislation to place the livestock breeding on right trade..