Pakistan, in conjunction with other countries in South Asia, has hosted the 1987 and 1996 World Cups, with 1996 final being hosted at Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore. The team has also played 133 Twenty20 Internationals, the most of any team, winning 83 losing 47 and tying 3. Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and were runners-up in the inaugural tournament in 2007. Pakistan also won the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy for the first time, defeating India national cricket team. Pakistan has the distinct achievement of having won each of the major ICC international cricket tournaments: ICC Cricket World Cup, ICC World Twenty20, and ICC Champions Trophy; as well as the ICC Test Championship.

Pakistan has played 415 Test matches, with winning 134, losing 123 and drawing 158. The team has the fourth-best win/loss ratio in Test cricket of 1.08, and the fourth-best overall win percentage of 32.28% (behind Australia, South Africa, and England). Pakistan was given Test status on 28 July 1952, following a recommendation by India, and made its Test debut against India at Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, Delhi, in October 1952, with India winning by an innings and 70 runs. In the 1930s and 40s, several Pakistani Test players had played Test cricket for the Indian cricket team before the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

As of 5 July 2018, the Pakistani cricket team is ranked seventh in Tests, fifth in ODIs and first in T20Is by the ICC.

In the past, Pakistan has suffered a lot from terrorism which prevented foreign teams from visiting Pakistan primarily due to the 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka national cricket team. As a result, their home matches have been mostly held in the United Arab Emirates since then. However, due to a massive decrease in terrorism in Pakistan over the past few years, as well as the sharp increase in security, many teams have toured Pakistan since 2015 and the situation appears to be getting better. These teams include Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies, and the ICC World XI made of mostly South African and Australian players