This is the major disease in animals and their treatment
It is better to arrange for cattle or other livestock to be cured and to keep them fit. The proverb is "The Chetter Farmer Before Time" is famous. A clean and ventilated house for livestock- arrangement of balanced, balanced food and proper care, the danger of getting diseased of them becomes somewhat resolved. The outbreak of diseases is more on weaker livestock. If they keep their dose correct, they have the power to protect against diseases. Bathanera protects the animals from diseases that spread from parasites and contagious diseases. By keeping alert, the livestock caregivers can save the sick animal from the herd and prevent other animals from getting sick. Therefore, the cattle and farmers should pay attention to the following things:
Livestock or cattle should be given nutritious charcoal on the right time every day. In their dose, it is necessary to add green fodder-dana and little salt with dry fodder.
Fill the fresh water in a clean vessel and let the cattle drink as needed.
Clean the cattle basin in a clean and high place. Make the house in such a way that there is full scope for sunlight and wind. There should be enough space for every cattle in the house.
Regular cleaning of Bathan and washing from the disinfectant such as phenyl or other medication solution from time to time is necessary.
The sound of feeding of cattle or other livestock should be taken to a higher place. Do not let the mud down the sound.
Arrangements should be made to remove cow dung and animal urine from Bathan as soon as possible in the pit of manure.
Clean the Bathan every day and put garbage in the pits of fertilizer.
Everyday stroll to cattle - a chance to fill up.
Full attention should be given to cleaning the body of cattle.
They should be pampered with love.
Most infectious diseases that spread in animals are contagious (endangered diseases) endemic. These diseases spread at the same time in the place at which time the spread occurs, and at the same time. Therefore it is necessary to arrange for cattle to be vaccinated before prematurely. If available from the Animal Husbandry Department, the nominal fee is levied. Khuraha - The mouthpiece is laid for free every year under Animal Health Care fortnight.
Major diseases of cattle
Diseases of various types of cattle spread. Broadly, they can be divided into three categories as follows:
Infectious disease or contagious diseases.
Common diseases or common ailments.
C. Parasitic Disease
Infectious Diseases (Tougher Diseases)
Infectious diseases spread through many cattle from a cattle with a contagion or touching a cattle. Farmers have the experience that these nasty diseases usually take the form of epidemic. Infectious diseases are often spread by viruses, but their pathways are different in different diseases. For example: Viral diseases of Khuraha disease fall from the saliva of the sick animal and the Gautam enters the water and makes it contaminated. Many animals become victims through this coveted water. Other infectious diseases of the bacteria also cause many animals to suffer from an animal with water falling from the skin of dead or sneezes. So if any infectious disease is spread in the village or village, then the following measures are effective for the rescue of cattle -
First of all, the outbreak of the disease should be reported to its mild livestock assistant or the cattle rearing officer of the block (block), they can arrange their disease immediately and make use of rescue.
If the disease is spread in the neighboring village, then the movement of cattle or cattle is stopped from that village.
In public ponds or diet the animals should be stopped drinking.
The sending of animals in public pasture should be stopped immediately.
Animals should be kept separate from other healthy animals due to this disease.
Throwing there where the infected disease-filled animals are not free from danger. Skin is also dangerous. Dead animals should be burnt or dug 5-6 feet of pit and should be carved (statistically) with lime.
In the place where the sick animal is kept or dead, the place should wash well with the solution of phenyl or sprinkle lime in a clean, so that the bacteria or virus of the disease die.
Purchase of skins - Sales people can also take this disease from one village to another village. At such a time, its purchase - sale should be closed.
This disease causes more problems to the cow and buffalo. Sheep and pigs also get this disease. The outbreak is mostly in the rainy season.
Symptoms - The body temperature rises and the animal becomes dull. The throat of the patient animal becomes swollen, which causes difficulty in swallowing the food. Therefore, animal food - leaves drinking. The swelling remains warm and it hurts. The animal has difficulty breathing, any person has to suffer from constipation, and after that the diluted diarrhea is also there. The sick animal dies within 6 to 24 hours. Saliva drops from the animal's mouth.
Medicine - It is necessary to adopt all the methods of prevention and prevention of infectious disease. The patient should immediately be treated for the animal. It is beneficial to protect the cattle by putting hindrance before the rainy season. Its free immunization has been arranged by the department.
come. Poetry (black quarter)
This disease also spreads mostly in the rain. Its specialty is that it makes itself a victim of healthy calves for only six months to 18 months. It is also called as Sujwa.
Symptom - The back knee swelling of this animal is swollen from this disease. Animals seem lame. The next leg of any animal swells. Swelling can gradually spread to the other side of the body. There is a lot of pain in the swelling and there is a sound of crushing on pressing it. The body temperature is 104 to 106 degrees. Later the swelling becomes rotten. And there is a rotten wound at that place.
Medicine - The prevention and prevention of infectious diseases, the methods of thumb that have been told elsewhere in this booklet are adopted. For the treatment of veterinary diseases treatment of diseased animals can be treated. Before the rains, all healthy animals should be prevented.
I. Spleen or anthrax
This is also a terrible infectious disease. The animal descended from this disease soon dies. There are also sheep, goats and horses besides cattle belonging to this disease.
Symptoms - High fever ranges from 106 degrees to 107 degrees. Blood is bleeding after the death of nose, urine and restroom. Swirls come in different parts of the animal body. The spleen is greatly increased and the stomach blossomed.
Treatment - prevention of infectious diseases - adopt the methods of prevention from them and get veterinary services. This disease is also spatial. That is why the animal is not prone to illness due to the vaccination of animals during the time.
E. Khuraha - Muhumpka (Foot and mouth disease)
This disease is very irritable and its transfusion is very fast. Although the probability of death of an animal in this direction is very low, however, this disease causes great harm to the animal guard because the animal becomes weak and its efficiency and production decreases for a long time. This disease also makes its prey to the sheep besides cattle, bulls and buffaloes.
Symptoms - The symptoms of this disease are due to fever, getting food from food, decreasing the yield, mouth and cracking, leaving small grains in the first place and later becoming Pak after wounding.
Medicine - Acid on all the measures mentioned for the prevention of infectious disease. Mouth ulcers can be cleaned with 2 percent solution of alum. Foot wounds should be washed with a solution of phenyl. Tulasi or neem leaf coating has proven to be beneficial in the foot. In the village, Khuraha-sapling should be made of footpath and through it the animals should be given an opportunity to pass through. It is mandatory to protect the wounds from the fly.
Rescue - The animal should be prevented from restricting the disease twice a year, within six months.
A. Animals - Yakshma (T.B.)
To protect the health of human beings, it is also necessary to be very cautious of this disease because this disease can also be taken into the grip of humans living in infected or using milk.
Symptoms - The animal becomes weak and sluggish. Sometimes a nose bleeds, dry cough too. Eating interest decreases and swollen lungs.
Medication - Prevention of Infectious Diseases should be managed. After having animal tests after suspicion
Arrange to be completely different. It is advisable to send sick cow to the house as soon as possible - because it is an incurable disease.
This disease is due to milk animals for two reasons. The first reason is the injury of the thun or the cutting of the thigh and the second reason is that infectious bacteria enter the thaw. Bacterial entry into the thun due to the absence of tying the animal in a dirty swampy place and causing disorder. In an irregular fashion, milk is also an invitation to Thanel's disease. Generally it is a victim of more milk-buffalo feed.
Symptoms - Than being hot and red, swelling in it, body temperature increases, loss of appetite, decreased milk production, changing milk color and coagulation in the milk are special symptoms of this disease.
Medicine - Animals should provide light and digestible food. Bake the bloated place should be baked. An antioxidant drug or ointment should be used in the opinion of the veterinarian. The cattle should be milked in the end at Thanel.
R Infectious abortion
This disease is usually the cow-buffalo itself. Occasionally the goats also become overwhelmed with it.
Symptom - First animal is disheveled and all signs of childbirth begin to appear. The fluid starts flowing from the vagina. Usually these symptoms start to appear in the fifth, sixth month and miscarriages occur. Often Jar remains inside.
Medical - Make complete arrangements for cleaning. Ill animals should be separated. After abortion, the wipe should be washed with lukewarm water after the last part. The embryo of abortion should be burnt. A person who has abortion on the spot should wash it with a solution of germicide. The veterinarian should call and get his services.
Note - Due to the risk of this disease (Brucellosis) from 6 to 8 months of age, the risk of this disease is low.
Common diseases or common diseases
In addition to infectious diseases there are many common diseases that reduce the production capacity of animals. These diseases are not terrible, but timely treatment can prove to be very dangerous. Below are the symptoms of common illnesses and methods of first aid.
Due to the consumption of green and succulent fodder, Bhanganga fodder or Dahlani fodder, the animal becomes stricken by disease. Especially, this disease is caused by drinking sugary fatty food more frequently and by drinking it in excess quantity. Bachha - This disease can also be caused by drinking too much milk. When digestion power becomes weak, cattle are more likely to be infected with this disease.
Suddenly the stomach blossomed. The left stomach of most patient animal flows first. When the stomach is stabbed, the sound of a drum (dhupa) is released.
The animal starts to moan Flowers look equally toward the stomach.
The animal has difficulty breathing.
When the disease increases, the animal feed - the pimple leaves.
Standing upside down and stinging side by side.
Animals are often lying and standing in a very severe state of the disease.
Animals sometimes see the tongue hanging out and hanging out.
The back pans up the back legs.
Note: If the patient is not treated immediately, the animal can die.
Massage by putting pressure on the left stomach of the animal.
Put cold water on it and cook turpentine oil.
Arrange to keep mouth open. For this, the tongue of jaw can be kept clean and smooth by keeping the tongue out of the mouth.
In the early stages of the disease, the animal also has the advantage of moving around.
Taking the animal in consultation with the veterinarian, turpentine oil can be fed from half a shade, mixing six granules in TC oil. After that, two pigs of Grams magusulf and two hundred grams of salt should be given in a large bottle of water and given laxatives.
Animals like charcoal charcoal, mango mango, black salt, ginger, hing and mustard can be fed in consultation with veterinarian.
A little water can be given when the animal is healthy, but no feed is fed.
Veterinarian services should be received immediately.
Milch cow buffalo or goat falls in the grip of this disease. This disease makes its prey to more milch animals. Under 24 hours of giving the baby milk - symptoms of fever are usually seen.
The animal becomes restless.
The animal starts to tremble and falter. There is a vibration in the muscles, due to which the animal is unable to stand.
Peeping shackles - Zooki and eyes look silent.
Mouth is dry
Temperatures remain normal or less.
The animal sits on the ground with the help of chest and the neck turns the body to one side.
Most sufferers are seen in this condition.
In the dark stage, the animal becomes unconscious and falls. Someone who does not take treatment, even a person dies within 24 hours.
Wipe the toe with wet cloth and bundle it in a clean cloth so that it does not have soil.
Air filling in the thun is beneficial.
After the recovery, do not completely empty the thun for 2-3 days.
Give the animal a quick and easy digestive dose.
Do not forget to consult a veterinarian.
I. Diarrhea and wrist
There are two reasons for this disease - sudden cataract and bacteria in the stomach. In this there is a swelling in the intestine.
Animals are diluted and have diarrhea like water.
There is twist in the stomach.
Blood is mixed with myth.
It is easy to feed easily digestible foods such as beads, boiled milk, bell vine etc.
Feed should reduce water.
Bachha - Bacchi should give less milk to the milk.
Veterinary services should be obtained.
E. Ger's stay in
It is very necessary to get out of the jaws within four to five hours after the animal's spine. Occasionally the garbage is left inside and the animal has to suffer the consequences. Especially if summer does not leave for six hours, then the result can be quite bad. It also keeps the stomach of the cattle fertile. Due to being jealous, swelling occurs in the uterus and the blood becomes distorted too.
The sick cow or buffalo becomes restless.
A part of the membrane exits from the vagina.
Smelly water starts to emerge, whose color is chalkyty.
Milk also bursts.
The last part should be washed with warm water. While carrying out, take care that there is no hand in Jerry.
There should not be any kind of emphasis to remove garbage.
The veterinarian should consult.
A. Urinary Dysfunction
This disease occurs after a few days of cow-buffalo. This also leads to considerable damage to milch cattle. Often it is a disease that has some part of the garage left inside.
The temperature of the cattle increases slightly.
The vaginal path continues to fall like a deodorant pub. The fluid falls in the state of being sitting.
Discomfort greatly increases.
The milk gets reduced or does not start properly.
A small amount of detoxol or potash should be done to wash the uterus with the help of a rubber tube in the water.
The veterinarian should seek help.
Note: It is necessary to take caution in order to save the animal, otherwise the animal will be sterile.
Due to frequent deterioration in water or in the winter season, the animal which is bundled in open space leads to pneumonia. If the animals with more hair do not wipe them properly after carrying them, then this disease can also happen to them.
Body temperature increases.
There is difficulty in breathing.
The water flows through the nose.
Reduction in yield
The animal becomes weaker.
The sick cattle should be kept clean and warm.
By adding turpentine oil to boiling water, it is beneficial to smell the steam animals rising from it.
The camphor must be massaged in mustard oil in the pans of the animal.
It is necessary to arrange treatment in consultation with veterinary medicine.
Wounding of animals is common practice. In order to feed grazing, the animal gets wound when it is cut by strings, thorns, or shrubs, or any other type of injury. Even after the recent fall, the bull becomes wound and the cultivation of the farmers becomes almost quadrupled. The rubbing of the bull on the shoulders of the bull becomes swollen and wound. Such general wounds and inflammation should be treated in the following ways.
Wash the wound with a mixture of red potash or phenyl in warm water containing water.
If there is insect in the wound, then barring the tarpin oil should be tied.
Washing the mouth wound, with the water of alum, and taking solution of boric acid is beneficial.
In coconut oil on the wounds of the body, it should be mixed with turpentine oil and a little camphor.
Due to external and internal parasites, cattle also suffer from many types of diseases. To get complete information about these, read and publish free printed booklets from Animal Husbandry Information and Broadcasting Service, Off Polo Road, Patna - 1.
The following diseases are particularly troubling to young calves.
a. Ovarian disease
Swelling is around the navel, which touches the patient's calf pain.
Later on, the spleen gets soft and pressing the place gives the pew that is mixed with blood.
The calf becomes dull
There is a light fever.
The swollen part should be baked with hot water twice a day.
Once the wound is opened, it should be cleaned and filled with antibiotic powder. This treatment should be continued until the wound is full.
Veterinary advice should be sought.
If calves do not come out after the birth of calves, then there can be constipation.
50 grams of paraffin liquid (liquid) should be mixed in 200 grams of hot milk.
An enema of soap solution is also beneficial.
I. White diarrhea
This disease can be due to calf up to three weeks from birth. This is due to small pests. The calf or the weaker calf in the dirty Bathanan is a victim of this disease.
The back of the calves remains in the stomach.
The calf becomes dull
Food - leaves drinking.
Body temperature decreases.
The eyes turn towards the other side.
Treatment should be done in consultation with nearby veterinary medicine.
This disease is caused by a special type of bacteria called coxidosis, entering the body.
In the normal state of the disease, there is a little scab - bleeding with diarrhea.
In the acute state of the calf, leaving calf food.
There is a basement with khuthan, in which there is a bloodstream.
Calves can become weak and become a victim of another disease.
Call the veterinarian as soon as possible and start treatment.
This disease usually happens only to the calves. Until evening, before the sun emerges, the calf-diseased calf remains close-up. As such, he also has difficulty in eating his fodder. Another calf or animal is also collision.
These codes can be fed with liver oil milk for 20 to 30 drops for a few days.