Abu Hussain Sarkar was a Bengali politician and former chief minister of East Pakistan.Abu Hossain Sarkar was born in 1894 in Rangpur, Bengal Presidency. He was involved in the swadeshi movement and was arrested on 1911.Sarkar started his law practice in the Rangpur bar. He joined the Indian congress which he left over differences. In 1935 A K Fazlul Huq's Krishak Praja Party in 1935. In 1937 he was elected to the Bengal Constituent Assembly. He played an important role in the formation of Krishak Sramik Party in 1953. In 1953 Sarkar was elected to the East Bengal Provincial Assembly from the United Front. In 1955 he held the post of Minister of Health government of Chaudhry Muhammad Ali.
On June 1955 he was elected the chief minister of East Bengal. His Government made 21 February as Shaheed Dibash and a public holiday. He started the construction of Central Shaheed Minar. As chief minister he also established the Bangla Academy. He resigned 0n 30 August 1956 over