10 Amazing Cattle Breeds in Pakistan

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Cattle breeds originating in Pakistan.while the cattle found in Pakistan are humped and belong to the species Bos indicus.Zebu cattle breed which primarily is used in dairy and production. pakistan mean catlle breed are Sahiwal Cholistani Dajal Dhanni Rojhan Achai Tharparkar LOHANI Red S

Catte breeds in Pakistan

 Cattle breed in pakistan

 

Cattle belong to the family Bovidae, European cattle are non humped and belong to the species Bos taurus, while the cattle found in the Punjab province of Pakistan are humped and belong to the  species "Bos lndicus". The total population of cattle in Pakistan is 20.4 million (Pakistan Livestock Census 1996) and their percent distribution among provinces are as under:

PUNJAB            46%

SINDH              27%

K.P.K                21%

BALOCHISTAN    6%

The census shows that Punjab is the main cattle raising province of Pakistan. The Different breeds of cattle found in the Punjab province are of following types/purposes:

Milch Breeds: Sahiwal Cholistani

Draught Breeds: Heavy Draught» Dajal

Medium Draught: Dhanni and Rojhan

 

Sahiwal breeds

Habitat and Home Tract This breed was developed in the area between the rivers Ravi and Sutlej originally called "Gunji Bar" which means denuded arid plains with very scanty shady trees. This tract later become part of Districts Sahiwal, Okara, Multan Faisalabad and Toba Tek Singh in the Punjab province.

Physical Characteristics of the Breed

This is medium sized breed with fleshy body. Female have a reddish dun colour whereas males have a darker colour around the orbit, neck and hindquarters The body : is wedge shaped with fine soft loose skin. Cows have short heads and dropping ears alongwith small and thick horns. Polled and loose horns are also common in females. Males have stumpy horns. Cows have black muzzle, eye lids and tuft of tail with a voluminous dewlap and sheath. The hump in the male is massive, but in female it is normal. The bull have broad forehead, small eyes like an elephant, black muzzle, broad chest and

very loose sheath and dewlap.The udder is large and strong with prominent milk veins. The teats are of good and uniform length and size. The tail is long and pointed almost touching the ground The polled cows or cows with loose and dropping horns and prominent umbilicus are commonly considered as good milkers.

Cholistani Breed

Habitat and Home Tract

The breed is found in sandy desert area of Cholistan parti- cularly districts Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar and Rahim Yar Khan.

 Physical Characteristics of the Breed

These animals are considered to be anscestors of Sahiwal breed. They are medium sized having white body with brown spots or brown body colour with white spots or tan, black splashed coat. The body is wedge shaped with fine thick loose skin, medium short head, medium sized ears, black muzzle, small and thick horns broad at the base, tapering blunt at the top, females often dehorned. Black eye lids with a voluminous dewlap and sheath massive hump in male but slight in female are the distinctive features of Cholistani animals. More over their hooves are black and well set, the tail is long with black tuft, the balanced udder and teats are of uniform length and size. The Cows are raised as dairy animals but their male calves are a source of good quality beef.

Dajal breed

Habitat and Home Tract The breed originates from the Dajal areas in district Dera Ghazi Khan of the Punjab province.

Physical Characteristics of the Breed

Dajal animals are considered as an offshoot of the Bhag- nari breed having similar physical characteristics. However, Dajal cattle are comparatively smallar in size and lighter in colour. These are massive with compact body and well built structure Body colour is white or light grey deepening to almost light black on the neck, shoulders and hump in mature males. Head is almost medium sized with short strong neck, black muzzle and· eye lashes. Small dewlap, stumpy horns, small pointed ears, moderate! developed hump, straight back, tight sheath and black tuft of tail are prominent points of Dajal animals. Cows are low yielder of milk while males are good for draught work as Bhagnari Breed.

Dhanni Breed

 Habitat and Home Tract

Attock, Chakwal, Rawalpindi, Jhelum, Mianwali and Sargodha Districts in the Province of Punjab are the home tract of this breed

Physical Characteristics of the Breed

Dhanni cattle are medium sized with a compact body and varying body colour, predominately white coat with black spots (Chitta Burga), black coat with white spots (Kala Burga), White mottles with brown and black patches (Nuqra). red coat with white spots (Ratta Burga). Head & ears are small, broad forehead narrow between the thick and stumpy horns. The dewlap is small, hump compact and back straight. Muzzle and eye lashes are black. They have a tight sheath, whiplike tail, ending in a white switch upto fetlock. The u dder is tucked-up with black teats

Rojhan Breed

 Habitat and Home Tract

The habitat of Rojhan cattle ie Suleman Range in the Southern part of Dera Ghazi Khan District (Rojhan, Umarkot Kachakadi & Somemiani) in Punjab and some parts of Dera Ismail Khan and Bannu districts in NWFP.

 Physical Characteristics of the Breed

The small sized animals with a red and white spotted coat, tight thin skin, small head, slightly convexed forehead, small and alert ears, small pointed horns, thick at the base tapering at the top curving up and out wards, short neck, proportionately large developed hump and extended small dewlap. Thin sheath and tail with white switch a little below the hock. Cows have small tuckedup udder. Milk yield is very low. Male are very suitable for draught work in hilly and sub-hilly areas

Achai Cattle Breed

Habitat and Home Tract

A small-sized breed found in KPK province. The hometract of Achai animals extends on the west to adjoining parts of Afghanistan and on the east to hilly tract of northwestern Punjab.

Physical Characteristics of the Breed

Predominant colour is reddish brown with white face. Animals of all reddish brown colour with or without white (or spotted) head are also seen. White spots may be seen on the udder, underline, and the legs. Colour of muzzle varies from white to light or dark brown. In females, horns are small and thin, resembling hooks with variable curls and directions, while in males, horns are large, directed upward and forward. The eyes are sharp and bright. Neck is short, especially in males. Switch of tail is generally white, but reddish brown colour is also seen.Tail extends down well below the hock joint with a fluffy switch.The dewlap is quite voluminous in male but less in females.Hump is well developed in male but less in female.Proportionate to body size, the udder is adequately developed with a daily yield of about 4 litres Achai cows can be milked many times a day.Testicles are proportionate to body size. The sheath is fairly tight. Males are reasonably agile and are used for light draft work. Well-fed males serve as good beef animals, especially for sacrificial purposes.Docility is one of the recognized characteristics of Achai animals, even children can comfortably handle them. They are an asset for hilly terrain of the KPK province under resource limited subsistence production set up.

Red Sindhi Cattle Breed

Habitat and Home Tract

The Red Sindhi breed originates from a mountainous region called `Mahal Kohistan’, spread over parts of Karachi, Thattha and Dadu districts in Sindh. The hometract of this breed extends to the irrigated areas of Hyderabad (Sindh) and the arid plains of Lasbella district in Balochistan.

Physical Characteristics of the Breed

This is a medium-sized breed with a compact build and red body colour. The Lasbella strain is comparatively darker, and the colour of the bull is likely to be darker at the shoulders. It has a large head with an occasional bulge in the forehead. Horns are thick and stumpy in males but thin in females. Ears are fine and small. The hump is well‑developed in males. The dewlap is moderate in both sexes.The sheath is pendulous in males, but nominal in females.Hind quarters are round and drooping Tail switch is black Udder is medium to large and strong. Red Sindhi animals are hardy and adapt very well to stressful environments. Milk yield per lactation varies from 1200 to 2000 litres Adult males weigh 400-500 kg, while females weigh 300-350 kg. Average lactation length is 265 days Age at first calving is 45 months Service period is 210 days Dry period is 230 days Calving interval is 495 days Gestation period is 288 days

Tharparkar Cattle breed

Habitat and Home Tract

Tharparkar is a lyrehorned type of zebu cattle originated from Tharparkar district of southeast Sind in Pakistan. In India, these animals are found along the Indo-Pak border covering western Rajasthan and up to Rann of Kutch in Gujarat. The Tharparkar is, however, known differently in its own region. In its native tract and in neighboring areas, the breed is called Thari, after the desert of Thar [4] and it is also occasionally known as Kutchi, because the breed is also found on the borders of Kutch which adjoins Tharparkar to the south.

In the past these cattle were known as White or Gray Sindhi, since they are native to the Province of Sind and similar in size of the Red Sindhi: this name, however, is no longer used. Animals with typical characteristic of the breed are found in Jodhpur, Barmer, Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan and Kutch region of Gujarat [5]. In breeding tract, the Tharparkars are usually kept in herds of 50 to 300 animals by professional breeders called Maldars.

Physical Characteristics of the Breed

Animals of the Tharparkar breed are deep, strongly built, medium-sized, with straight limbs and good feet, and with an alert and springy carriage. As the animals are not handled frequently they are apt to be wild and vicious. The usual color of the cattle is white or gray [6]. In males, the gray color may deepen, particularly on the fore and hind quarters. All along the backbone there is a light gray stripe. The color of the cattle deepens during the winter months and also when the cows are pregnant. The head is of medium size, the forehead broad and flat or slightly convex above eyes: the front of the horns and face are practically on one plane. The eyes are full and bright. The hump in males is moderately well developed, firm and placed in front of the withers. The dewlap is of medium size and the skin is fine and mellow. The navel flap in the females is prominent [4, 7].

Special features

Tharparkar breed’s ecophene is well adapted to the hostile environment with extremes of temperature ranging from subzero to fifty-degree Celsius, shadow of sand storms, recurrent femines and xerophyllic vegetation which are totally unsuitable for dairy animals [9]. In the northwestern part of Rajasthan animals are generally not provided with shelter or houses throughout the year excepting on certain chilly nights or during extreme summer season [

Lohani Cattle Breed

Habitat and Home Tract

The Lohani. .ireed of cattle ' belongs to that general clas,s of Zebu cattle in India and Pakistan which are found in the hilly areas. These are a smaller type of cattle., which thrive well under poorer conditions of breeding and are able to render useful service as milch animals as well as working animals either for light plowing or for transporting goods in the hilly areas, which have poor roads. They have close resemblance to the Afgh.an type of cattle. These cattle are bred in the Loralai district of Baluchistan. They are also widely distributed in the tribal areas of the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan where they are known as Acchai cattle.Conditions in the Native Home of the Breed Location, Topography (H! (i Soils The native habitat of the breed is situated between lati ;tide 29"3' and 31.'2' north and longitude 67°4' and 7001' east. The area. is located in the northwest side of Baluchistan and also in the adjace.nt parts of North:West Frontier Province of Pakistan including the district of Dera Ismail Khan. The area consists of a series of long but narrow valleys hemmed in by rugged mountains, which vary in elevation from 3,000 to 10,000 feet. The soil of the valleys is reddish brown and is fairly productive. Gravel 

The Lohani breed, found in the Loralai district of Baluchistan., consists of small, compact and fast plow animals : they are also used as pack beasts. Lohani cows are fair milkers, producing about 2,000 pounds of milk per lactation. Above: a pair of Lohani bullocks : a Lohani cow with calf deposits are met everywhere. On the mountain slopes very litt e soil deposits are met with, which restricts vegetation.

Physical Characteristics of the Breed

Lohani cattle are small in stature. The mature animal measures from 40 to 44 inches in height. The head is small in proportion to the body compared with other Zebu cattle. The face is fiat or slightly convex between: the eyes. Horns are short and slender, and emerge in an outward direction from time outer angles of the poll.. Ears are short. The body is well-rounded and moderately long Legs are short and the bone is dense. The skin is slight and smooth. The sheath is very close to the body. The dewlap is thin and light. The tail is long and the switch almost touches the dewclaws. The udder in

better specimens is symmetrical but small in size. The feet are small and hard. The characteristic color is red with white patches especially on the hea,d, neck and dewlap, although entire red color is not uncommon

Cross Breed Cows in Pakistan

Crossbred animals are the combination of two or more breeds. In the process of cross breeding characteristics  of two or more good breeds are combined. In Pakistan crossbreeding is recommended for non descript breeds with semen of local high  producing breeds like Sahiwal, Cholistani, Red Sindhi etc. or exotic breeds like Holstein Friesian, Jersey etc.  These crossbred animals have more milk production, less calving interval, early age of maturity and more lactation period.  10:cross breed cows in pakistan Crossbred animals are the combination of two or more breeds. In the process of cross breeding characteristics  of two or more good breeds are combined. In Pakistan crossbreeding is recommended for non descript breeds with semen of local high  producing breeds like Sahiwal, Cholistani, Red Sindhi etc. or exotic breeds like Holstein Friesian, Jersey etc.  These crossbred animals have more milk production, less calving interval, early age of maturity and more lactation period.  period as compared to local animals period as compared to local animals