Spaniels were mostly intended for hunting but in the modern day they are mostly used as the domesticated family pet.
They are of the toy Spaniel types because they only stand between 12 to 13 inches high and generally only weigh between 13 to 18 pounds.
Most breeders are very wary when a family has children under 5 because the puppies of this breed are extremely small. These dogs are very intelligent and active. They are recommended to go to a family where they will have a constant companion. If you work all day everyday then this is not the breed for you because they tend to get lonely and depressed easily.
These dogs are normally used for sports and hunting, you must begin training them from day one to prevent them from developing bad habits.
The first thing to do when you purchase your pup is to establish his or her territory. This will be where they eat, sleep and go to the bathroom. Although it takes time to potty train generally any puppy you must begin by putting them on a schedule. Puppies like routines and feel secure when they know what's going to happen next.
You must know when to say no. You don't want to get them started on habits when they are young because they are harder to break, as they get older. For example, if you let them jump up on the cabinet while you are fixing them their food then when they get older then they automatically think that that countertop is fair game. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is not tall enough to reach a countertop but either way it is not good to start them on any habits that you will regret later.
Even though the King Charles Spaniel is not known for barking excessively they must also be taught when it is appropriate for barking and when it is not. You don't want to end up with a dog that barks at everyone that comes in the house even when it is yourself that enters the house.
By the time your pup is 6 months old you should have taught it to sit, heel; come, lie down and out. You should also teach them how to heel and walk without having a leash on. If you do not teach your pup to do these commands by 6 months then it will be difficult to train them after that point.
You may be tempted to venture out and let the puppy wander next to you when you are outside of your yard but be forewarned that this breed of puppy and just about any kind of Spaniel has the tendency to want to "hunt" things. Until you are able to assure that your little one does not go wandering from you keep it on a leash to eliminate the possibility of the puppy getting lost or hit by a car.
Spaniels are a very good breed for retrieving and hunting. They have a natural curiosity when it comes to anything so you will be able to teach your puppy and make a game out of it. You can do this simply by waiting till your puppy is in a playful mood. More than likely your puppy will always be in a playful mood but you must call the attention to a toy to get them to cooperate. This will take time and patience but the end result will be rewarding not only for you but also for your puppy.
Take a toy or ball and introduce it to your puppy. Let the puppy grab onto it with it's mouth then if the puppy does not have a tight grip on the toy, pull it away and toss it a little distance from the puppy. It may take some coaxing for the puppy to understand what you are doing so you may have to show the puppy where the toy is at first. Once the puppy understands the concept then toss the toy and call the dog's name. The puppy may at first avoid you because he might not want to give up the toy but if you coax him with a treat then he will be more receptive to coming to you and giving up the toy. Teaching the puppy to retrieve is like training them to hunt because they have to look for the object that you've thrown. Spaniels are natural hunters.
Training Spaniel puppy takes time and patience but in the end you will have a well-behaved and well-mannered dog that fits right