Purebreed dogs

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The American Kennel Club (AKC)has been chronicling purebreed dogs since as far back as 1878.

From its humble beginnings in an office of the Westminster Dog Club in 1884, the American Kennel Club (AKC) has grown into a giant of mammoth proportions. Its first studbooks were personal records kept by Dr. N. Rowe. These books were precise and contained entries dating back to Adonis in 1878. From those simple books, the AKC has grown to a yearly registry of over 1.5 million dogs and 500,000 litters.

To keep up with this expansion, the AKC decided to break the breeds of dogs into the following groups:

Group I: SPORTING DOGS

Sporting dogs are those that originally were bred for hunting and retrieving game. Although made up mostly of setters, retrievers, pointers, and spaniels, the sporting dog group also includes the Vizla, Weimaraner and Wirehaired Pointing Griffon.

COMPLETE LIST OF BREEDS IN THE SPORTING DOG GROUP:

Brittany            
Chesapeake Bay Retriever        
Curly-Coated Retriever
Flat-Coated Retriever    
Golden Retriever            
Labrador Retriever
American Water Spaniel
Clumber Spaniel        
Cocker Spaniel                         
English Cocker Spaniel            
English Springer Spaniel
Field Spaniel
Irish Water Spaniel
Sussex Spaniel
Welsh Springer Spaniel
English Setter
Gordon Setter
Irish Setter
Pointer
German Shorthaired Pointer            
German Wirehaired Pointer    
Vizsla        
Weimaraner
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon            


Although used for hunting, the sporting dog group does not include hounds. Hounds go under their own group heading, Hound Breeds. Hounds are dogs that usually hunt by scent or site. In fact, the AKC now has field trials and lure coursing to enable these types of dogs to demonstrate their ability in performing the duties for which they were originally bred.

COMPLETE LIST OF BREEDS IN THE HOUND BREED GROUP:

Afghan Hound                
Basenji
Basset Hound        
Beagle                    
Black and Tan Coonhound    
Bloodhound
Borzoi    
Dachshund
American Foxhound
Greyhound
Harrier
Ibizan Hound
Irish Wolfhound                
Norwegian Elkhound        
Otterhound
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen        
Pharaoh Hound
Rhodesian Ridgeback
Saluki    
Whippet
                    
The Working Breed Group was at one time the largest of all the groups. Due to the number of entries and time involved in judging them at shows, this group was split and the Herding Group was formed.

Many of the working dogs were originally bred for guard duty, pulling sleds, and rescue work.

COMPLETE LIST OF BREEDS IN THE WORKING BREED GROUP:

Akita                    
Alaskan Malamute            
Bernese Mountain Dog            
Boxer                
Bullmastiff            
Doberman Pinscher            
Giant Schnauzer        
Great Dane                    
Great Pyrenees                
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog        
Komondor        
Kuvasz
Mastiff
Newfoundland
Portuguese Water Dog
Rottweiler
St. Bernard
Samoyed                        
Siberian Husky
Standard Schnauzer


The Herding Group came into its own in 1983 when it split from the Working Group. The dogs entered into this group were originally bred to work/herd cattle, sheep, and other livestock. Honoring this, the AKC now has Herding Dog Trials to test a dogs instinct for “rounding up” small animals such as sheep, goats, ducks and geese.

COMPLETE LIST OF BREEDS IN THE HERDING GROUP:

Australian Cattle Dog                
Australian Shepherd    
Bearded Collie
Belgian Malinois
Belgian Sheepdog
Belgian Tervuren
Border Collie
Bouvier Des Flandres
Briard
Canaan Dog
Collie (rough and smooth)
German Shepherd                
Old English Sheepdog        
Puli                        
Shetland Sheepdog (Sheltie)
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
                                                
Many words come to mind when thinking of terriers, earth, diggers, stubborn and feisty are only a few. Being of a mind and temperament all their own, it is only fitting that they have their own Terrier Group as well.

COMPLETE LIST OF BREEDS IN THE TERRIER GROUP:

Airedale Terrier                
American Staffordshire Terrier        
Australian Terrier
Bedlington Terrier
Border Terrier
Bull Terrier
Cairn Terrier
Dandie Dinmont Terrier    
Irish Terrier                    
Kerry Blue Terrier            
Lakeland Terrier
Manchester Terrier (standard size)
Miniature Bull Terrier
Miniature Schnauzer
Norfolk Terrier                
Norwich Terrier                
Scottish Terrier (Scottie)        
Sealyham Terrier            
Skye Terrier                
Smooth Fox Terrier    
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Wire Fox Terrier        
Staffordshire Bull Terrier        
Welsh Terrier                
West Highland White Terrier (Westie)
                        
                
From the feisty terriers, courageous working dogs and protective herding dogs you come to the Toy Breeds.
These tiny “lap” dogs may be small but often have the heart of a lion.

COMPLETE LIST OF BREEDS IN THE TOY BREED GROUP:

Affenpinscher                
Brussels Griffon    
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Chihuahua
Chinese Crested
English Toy Spaniel
Italian Greyhound
Japanese Chin
Manchester Terrier (toy size)
Miniature Pinscher
Papillon                
Pekingese
Pomeranian        
Poodle                
Pug
Shih Tzu
Silky Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier (Yorkie)
        
                        
Having several breeds that the AKC felt didn’t belong in any of the aforementioned groups, they developed the Non-Sporting Breed Group. Whereas the breeds in the previous groups seem to have a common background, the Non-Sporting Group seems to be a hodge podge breeds.

COMPLETE LIST OF BREEDS IN THE NON-SPORTING GROUP:

American Eskimo                    
Bichon Frise
Boston Terrier
Bulldog
Chinese Shar-Pei
Chow Chow
Dalmation
Finnish Spitz (not the commonly known white spitz)
French Bulldog
Keeshond                
Lhasa Apso    
Miniature and Standard Poodle        
Schipperke            
Shiba Inu                
Tibetan Spaniel        
Tibetan Terrier                                

The above breeds have all been officially recognized by the AKC and can enter conformation classes in any sanctioned show. To experience the full impact of the variety of breeds, their appearance and style, a dog lover would find a full day’s entertainment at a large dog show.

Prospective buyers are also encouraged to haunt the dog shows, meet reputable breeders and see what a quality specimen in their favorite breed actually looks like. By simply using any search engine to find the official American Kennel Club web site, upcoming shows and events can be found and an enjoyable family outing can be planned.