Pomeranian Dog Description
Their faces resemble those of foxes, and their eyes should have the shape of almonds with a dark color. The teeth of the Pomeranian should form a scissors bite. Their tails are fluffy, and they should swing them over their backs. This breed comes with a double coat that will almost always be a solid color. The acceptable coat colors for this breed are cream, white, orange, red, brown, black, and blue. In some instances, the Pomeranian may have multiple colors on their coat.
Pomeranians are classified as a toy dog breed. These tiny dogs are fluffy and have wedge shaped heads with pointed ears that stand erect. In many ways, they resemble smaller versions of Spitz type dogs. To most people these dogs look like walking powder puffs or little fuzz balls. Their coats may be cream, orange, blue, gray, black, shaded sable or multicolored. These dogs carry their feathered tails fan upward on their backs and intelligent expressions can be seen in the Pomeranians dark almond-shaped eyes. Both male and female dogs average 7-12 inches (18-30 cm) in height and 3-7 pounds (1-3 kg) in weight.
Grooming is very important in caring for the cottony double coats on Pomeranians. Owners should start from the head, work down the dogs body, brush the hair forward, and then let it fall back into its natural position. Dry shampoo should only be used when necessary. Special care and attention should be given each day to keeping the eyes and ears of these dogs clean.
These lively little dogs are very smart and eager to learn. They are very loyal to their owners but may sometimes be temperamental. Pomeranians can be easily trained and make good watchdogs by barking at anything that is out of the ordinary. They are easily excited and sometimes willful but these tendencies can be controlled with obedience training at a young age. Consistency is the key element in training these dogs and a firm hand may be required at times as well. Most Pomeranians are proud to please their owners with learning tricks but this will require both time and patience.
Pomeranians are not recommended for families with small children. These dogs are very fragile and can become very nervous or snappy when they are over-stimulated. They do fine with older children and make great companions for elderly people because they are both affectionate and even-tempered.
These dogs are generally picky eaters but do not require any special diets. Dry food is recommended however since this breed is prone to losing teeth with age. Regular dental checkups are also recommended. Light activity or playing will fulfill this breeds exercise needs but they may also enjoy short walks. Since they are so small, these dogs are perfect for apartment dwellers and condominium owners.
Some health concerns that may affect Pomeranians include eye, knee, heart, and skin problems. Especially small female dogs may need cesarean sections to deliver their puppies. At birth, several newborn puppies will fit in the palm of your hand and are often quite fragile or prone to injuries. The typical life expectancy of a Pomeranian is about 15 years or so.
Pomeranians were developed originally in a region of Prussia know as Pomerania. These dogs are descendents of ancient Spitz breeds that came from far northern areas and were later brought to Europe to herd sheep. In the late 1800s, royal and noble citizens owned some of these dogs. Today, they are mainly owned as show dogs or loving companions.
Also Known As
- Deutscher Zwergspitz
- Toy German Spitz
Country of Origin
This is an energetic breed that is eager to please its master. While the Pomeranian is an intelligent and reliable breed, they can sometimes be stubborn. The Pomeranian will get along with other dogs if it is given a proper introduction, they are known for attacking dogs that are much larger than them. These dogs are quick to bark at strangers, and this makes them excellent watchdogs. The only problem with this is that the Pomeranian will keep barking, and this can become annoying. Owners will want to train them not to do this. It is important for owners to demonstrate leadership qualities. If you don’t, these dogs will not obey your commands.
These dogs have been known to suffer from heart problems, knee-cap disorders, eye infections, and dental issues. It is best for owners to make sure they feed this breed dry food so that they can keep the teeth healthy. Owners will also need to have their teeth cleaned. The Pomeranian has a maximum life expectancy of 15 years.
Owners will want to make sure the Pomeranian at least has a small yard. Though they are small, they can get all the exercise they need if they are allowed to run around. They also enjoy being taken for long walks. These dogs are excellent for people who live in apartments. It is important to protect them when the weather is hot.
Special Grooming Needs
The Pomeranian has an elaborate coat that owners will need to brush consistently. It is best to start with the head, and part the fur and brush or comb it towards the front. While this may take a bit of time, it is simple to do, and will give your dog a beautiful look. It is also important to make sure the ears and eyes are kept clean.