The Jafarabadi buffalo breed is originated from Indian Gujarat.
Description: Black colored coat. Huge and long-barreled formation. Horns are long, thick and broad and sometimes they cover the eyes. Height to withers of the adult male is 142 cm, body weight ranges from 600 to 1 500 kg. Height at withers of the adult female is 140 cm, body weight is about 550 kg, some buffalo may weigh as much as 700-800 kg.
Distribution: It is one of the most famous breeds in Indian Gujarat. This breed is found principally between the Mahi and Sabarmati rivers in north Gujarat. Some breeding Buffaloes have been exported to Brazil.
Husbandry: Buffaloes are traditionally handled in domestic conditions together with the calf. They are hand-milked twice a day. They are fed different kinds of roughages and fodder, barley and wheat straw, cornstalks, sugarcane residuals. Also, they are given concentrate mixtures feed. If grazing is available, they graze the whole day. The buffaloes crass naturally mated. Some villages also use artificial insemination.
Dairy performance: Jafarabadi buffalo lactation duration 350 days Milk yield 1 800-2 700 kg Milkfat 8.5 percent The production characteristics of the Jafarabadi breed maintained at the Junagarh Centre India, of the Network Project on Buffalo are presented below
Facts of Jafarbadi Buffalo
|Average body weight (kg)||529±13|
|Age at first calving (days)||1 925±196|
|First lactation 305 days or less yield (kg)||1 642±283|
|First lactation total yield (kg)||1 642±283|
|All lactation 305 days or less yield (kg)||1 950±79|
|All lactation total yield (kg)||2 097±110|
|All lactation length (days)||320.1±11.6|
|Average fat (percent)||7.7±1.0|
|Average dry period (days)||159.8±10.9|
|Service period (days)||161.5±14.0|
|Calving interval (days)||509.8±20.1|
|Number of services per conception||1.4±0.1|
|Average calf mortality (0-3 months)||10.75 percent|
Jafarabadi buffalo is a good milk generator but it is also a large animal, with good structure and high muscularity. Since this breed was chosen by many American countries and selected as a meat purpose breed. Now it is reasonable to find Jafarabadi buffalo pure or derivates in Brazil,
in Colombia and in different South American countries, where this breed showed great flexibility to marshlands, to different crops and pastures and high meat production Jafarabadi was too the basis for the creation of Buffalypso breed in Trinidad- Tobago and in Cuba.
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Jafarabadi Buffalo Bull
Jafarabadi Buffalo Milk 26 Litters per Day