Jafarabadi buffalo

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Jafarabadi buffalo is a riverine buffalo that originated in Gujarat, from India. It is estimated that there are about 25,000 Jafarabadi buffaloes in the world. It is one of the important buffalo breeds of India.

jafarabadi buffalo

Jafarabadi

 The Jafarabadi buffalo is also the first buffalo breed exported to Brazil.

The Jafarabadi buffalo breed is originated from Indian Gujarat.

Jafarabadi buffalo Description: Black colored coat. Huge and long-barreled formation. Horns are long, thick, and broad and sometimes they cover the eyes. Height to withers of the adult male is 142 cm, body weight ranges from 600 to 1 500 kg. Height at withers of the adult female is 140 cm, body weight is about 550 kg, some buffalo may weigh as much as 700-800 kg.

Jafarabadi buffalo Distribution: It is one of the most famous breeds in Indian Gujarat. This breed is found principally between the Mahi and Sabarmati rivers in north Gujarat. Some breeding Buffaloes have been exported to Brazil.

Jafarabadi buffalo Husbandry: Buffaloes are traditionally handled in domestic conditions together with the calf. They are hand-milked twice a day. They are fed different kinds of roughages and fodder, barley and wheat straw, cornstalks, sugarcane residuals. Also, they are given concentrate mixtures feed. If grazing is available, they graze the whole day. The buffaloes crass naturally mated. Some villages also use artificial insemination.

Jafarabadi buffalo Dairy performance: Jafarabadi buffalo lactation duration 350 days Milk yield 1 800-2 700 kg Milkfat 8.5 percent The production characteristics of the Jafarabadi breed maintained at the Junagarh Centre India, of the Network Project on Buffalo is presented below

Facts of Jafarbadi Buffalo

BreedJaffarabadi
Average body weight (kg)529±13
Age at first calving (days)1 925±196
First lactation 305 days or less yield (kg)1 642±283
First lactation total yield (kg)1 642±283
All lactation 305 days or less yield (kg)1 950±79
All lactation total yield (kg)2 097±110
All lactation length (days)320.1±11.6
Average fat (percent)7.7±1.0
Average dry period (days)159.8±10.9
Service period (days)161.5±14.0
Calving interval (days)509.8±20.1
Number of services per conception1.4±0.1
Average calf mortality (0-3 months)10.75 percent
  

 

Jafarabadi buffalo is a good milk generator but it is also a large animal, with good structure and high muscularity. Since this breed was chosen by many American countries and selected as a meat purpose breed. Now it is reasonable to find Jafarabadi buffalo pure or derivates in Brazil,

in Colombia and in different South American countries, where this breed showed great flexibility to marshlands, to different crops and pastures and high meat production  Jafarabadi was too the basis for the creation of Buffalypso breed in Trinidad- Tobago and in Cuba.

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