American Eskimo Description
This breed falls under three categories, and these are standard, toy, and miniature. The American Eskimo dog has a head that is shaped like a wedge. The skull and muzzle should have a length that is identical. The ears are shaped like triangles and should stand upright. The tail of the American Eskimo dog should curl over its back. The coat should always be white in color, and the skin should be gray or pink. The eyes of this breed should never be blue.
The exact origins of the American Eskimo are not well known. It appears that it is related to Nordic breeds, and it may share genetic traits with the Samoyed and White Keeshond. The dog was first registered by German immigrants in 1913. The popularity of this breed has increased since this time.
The American Eskimo, or "Eskie" is one of the most beautiful breeds of dog. This dog can be of the toy variety, miniature, or standard. It has a thick, solid white inner and outer coat with longer fur on a curved tail. White eyelashes surround captivating brown eyes. The Eskie has pointed ears with rounded sides. The ears lay back when they are not alerted to sound. This beautiful breed of dog usually has a wonderful, loving personality. They are very friendly, intelligent, and eager to please their owner. American Eskimo dogs make great pets for families with children.
The website "PetSupport USA Canine Reference Library", in the article entitled "American Eskimo", provides a history on the origin of the American Eskimo breed of dog. It says the American Eskimo dog is a member of the "Spitz" family. This is one of the oldest known breeds of dog which can be traced back to 500 BC by artwork discovered on Greek vessels.
According to "American Eskimo", the American Eskimo dog became registered with the UKC, or United Kennel Club, in 1913. The Eskie was originally named the White German Spitz, but political events of the first world war may have influenced the change in name. The same article says American Eskimo dogs were not fully certified by the American Kennel Club until 1995.
The American Eskimo with its thick, white coat of fur will need to be bathed and groomed regularly. Shampoos formulated for dogs with white coats will help prevent the coat from yellowing. A bath is usually required about once every couple of weeks, and brushing should be done using a good quality dog brush at least every other day. Doing so will help keep shedding under control and prevent matting.
Eskies have white toe nails making it easier to see the vein within the nail. With a good quality nail clipper designed for dogs, home trimming is made easy. When unsure about the location of the vein, take very small slivers off at a time. Always have medication for pets that will stop the bleeding in case a nail is trimmed too short.
American Eskimos often have dark stains on their fur caused by matter from the eyes. This staining can be eliminated and prevented with products made especially to clean the fur surrounding the eyes. Using a soft cloth, gently clean around the eyes. When done regularly this will keep the area white. Another good product for cleaning the eye area is tear-free shampoo. It works well to prevent staining, but it may not help if the fur is already stained.
"American Eskimo" warns of health problems Eskies may be prone to. Most American Eskimos live healthy, disease-free lives, but being aware of potential problems can allow for early treatment if any of these problems are discovered. Joint problems, including hip and elbow dysplasia, are sometimes seen in the American Eskimo breed of dog. A problem with blood clotting, which is related to von Willebrand's Disease, can occur. Progressive Retinal Atrophy and cataracts can affect the American Eskimo's eyes. Taking your Eskie for regular veterinary check-ups and having him vaccinated as recommended will help keep problems at bay. Talk to your veterinarian regarding any health questions or problems that may concern you.
Choosing an American Eskimo dog as a pet will give you a loyal friend and companion. They are not aggressive dogs, but they let you know when someone is nearby. Once you have an Eskie as part of your family you will realize what a special breed they truly are.
Also Known As
American Eskimo Spitz
These dogs are excellent for the family. They are loving and intelligent, and owners can train them easily. They enjoy being around children. In obedience competitions, the American Eskimo dog has consistently performed well. These dogs are cautious with strangers, but will be kind to them once they are properly introduced. These dogs enjoy receiving attention, and they must feel as if they are a part of the family. If they are not properly trained while they are puppies, they can be aggressive.
The American Eskimo dog is a breed that does not have a large number of genetic disorders. However, owners will want to watch the eyes to make sure they’re healthy. The American Eskimo can develop retinal atrophy, and hip dysplasia is common with this breed as well. The coat should also be cleaned so the dog can be free of fleas. This breed has a maximum life expectancy of 15 years.
These dogs are active and enjoy receiving large amounts of exercise. Owners will want to take them on extended walks, or they can be unleashed in an enclosed area to run freely.
Special Grooming Needs
The American Eskimo has a dense coat which is simple to maintain. Owners will want to brush the coat firmly two times each week. Once the dog begins shedding, the coat will need to be brushed on a daily basis. These dogs shed a standard amount of fur.