Veterinary Medicine in Pakistan Complete List

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Veterinary drugs available in Pakistan for veterinary usage .all important Pakistani company drugs listed here like therapeutic categories, including anthelmintics, antiprotozoals, antibacterials, restoratives, intrauterine, udder health, growth promoters, disinfectants, dairy and poultry

 

ANTIBIOTIC INJECTABLES

A) Penicillins

Class: Bactericidal

Mechanism: Cell wall inhibition

Indications: infections caused by any Gram-Positive Bacteria and penicillin-sensitive organism: Skin Infections, Bacterial pneumonia, URT, Strangles, Blackleg, and Urinary tract infections (at higher Doses).

Synergism: Aminoglycosides

Antagonists: Tetracyclines, Chloramphenicol, and Paromomycin.

Notes: It can cause Allergy, vomiting, diarrhea (or Enteritis if administered orally). Adrenaline must be used at once if severe respiratory distress is there.

1. Procaine Penicillin + Benzyl Penicillin

Narrow Spectrum Penicillins

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Penicon

30 lac + 10 lac

10 ml

Vetcon Ph.

LA=1ml/50kg SA=1ml/25kg

Nawapen

30 lac + 10 lac

10ml

Nawan

Same as above

Penicill – 40

30 lac + 10 lac

25ml

Star

Same as above

 

2. Procaine Penicillin + Dihydro-streptomycin sulfate

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Penstrep

200mg + 250mg

50 ,100ml

Nawan

 

3. penicillinG + Penicillin G Procaine + Dihydro-streptomycin Sulphate

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Penivet Forte

10 lac+ 30 lac + 5gm

50ml

Star

7.5ml/ 100kg

 

4. Procaine penicillin + Benzyl penicillin +Streptomycin

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Polybiotic

15 lac + 5 lac/5g

5 gm

PDH

SA=1gm/animal LA=5gm/animal

Penbiotic

15 lac+ 5 lac /5 gm

5 gm

Nawan

Same as above

Biocin

15 lac+ 5 lac /5 gm

5 gm

Vetcon

Same as above

Penevit

15 lac+ 5 lac /5 gm

5 gm

Star

Same as above

Cipicon

15 lac+ 5 lac /5 gm

5 gm

China

Same as above

Synbiotic

15 lac+ 5 lac

1 gm

China

Same as above

5. Amoxicillin

Broad Spectrum Penicillins

Indications: Good Results in GIT and Skin diseases.

Antagonist: Tetracyclines, Chloramphenicol, Erythromycin, and Cephaloridine.

Notes: From GI tract absorbed better than ampicillin

Horses: 11-22mg/kg IM Bid Ruminants: 11-22mg/kg IM Bid

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Clamoxyl LA 15%

150 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Pfizer

Farmox LA

150 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Farvet

Amoxivet

150 mg/ml

50 100 ml

ICI

 

Novamox LA

150 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Selmore PH

Amoxy LA

150 mg/ml

50 ml

Selmore AG

Amovet LA

150 mg/ml

50 ml

Nawan

Betamox LA

150 mg/ml

50, 100 ml

Nawan

Getmox LA

150 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Zaidis Int.

Amoxikak LA

150 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Kakasian

Vetymoxyl LA

200 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Leads

Almox LA

150 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Star

6. Ampicillin Trihydrate

Horses: 11-22mg/kg IM Bid Ruminants: 11-22mg/kg IM Bid

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Ampicillin – 20%

200 mg/ml

100ml

NB sons

Ampikel

200 mg/ml

100ml

Well Ph.

Brosicol

200mg/ml

10,50ml

Star

7. Amoxicillin + Colistin

Penicillinase Protected Broad Spectrum Penicillin

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Amoxycol – 10%

100 mg + 250,000 IU/ml

100 ml

Franklin UK

1 ml/10 kg

Colimoxin

100 mg + 250,000 IU/ml

50 100 ml

Selmore PH

Same as above

Colimox

100 mg + 250,000 IU/ml

50 100 ml

Nawan

Same as above

Amoxycon

100 mg + 250,000 IU/ml

100 ml

Kepro

Same as above

 1. Macrolide (Tylosin, Erythromycin, Tilmicosin)

Class: Bacteriostatic, Narrow Spectrum

Mechanism: Binding to the 50S ribosomal RNA and inhibit translocation of the peptidyl tRNA

Indications: URT infections, mastitis, metritis, and foot rot caused by microorganisms susceptible to macrolides. Side effects: Include diarrhea, vomiting, and anorexia in small animals after oral administration. IM injection is painful.

Notes: Can’t be used In Horses because it can cause fatal diarrhea.

1) Tylosin:

Ruminants: 10-20mg/kg (Avg. 15mg/kg All Macrolides)

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Fartylo

200 mg/ml

100 ml

Farvet

Tylosel

200 mg/ml

50,100ml

Selmore PH

Tylo – 20%

200 mg/ml

10, 50 100 ml

Ziadis Int.

Tylosin – 20%

200 mg/ml

50,100ml

Grace

Biotylo

200 mg/ml

100 ml

Biogain

Tylosan

200 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Sana

Tylomac – 20%

200 mg/ml

50,100ml

Star

 C) Cephalosporins

Class: Bactericidal, Differ in Generations

Mechanism: Cell wall inhibition

Indications: Very effective for respiratory diseases, Skin diseases and most of the bacteria including beta-lactamase-producing strains. Also used in Urinary Tract infections, Soft tissues and bone.

Antagonists: Gentamycin

Precaution: Doses should be reduced in liver affected animals. Poorly absorbed from GIT.

N6tes: First generation has strongest response against G+ve Cocci, Proteus, E.coli, Klebsiella than other generations. While 3rd  Generation has good response against G-ve Bacilli.

First Generation

Narrow Spectrum only for G+ve

1. Cephradine:

Horses: Ruminants:

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Velosef

250mg/500mg/1gm:

5ml,10ml

Bristol M.S.

Vericef susp.

250mg/500mg/1gm:

60ml,100ml

Indus

2. Cephalexin

Horses: 10-30 mg/kg, PO, TID- QID Ruminants: 7mg/kg IM Sid

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Ceporex inj

250mg/500mg

5ml, 10ml

Indus

Keflex syp.

25 mg/ ml, 50mg/ ml

60ml

Eli Lilly


1. Ceftiofur Hydrochloride

Third generation

Broad Spectrum both for G+ve and G-ve

Side effects: Usually safe to use in animals. However allergic reaction can occur. Rare bleeding disorders have been reported from cephalosporins.

Horses: 2.2-5 mg/kg IV IM Ruminants: 1.1-2.2 mg/kg IM IV

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Excenel RTU

50 mg/ml

100 ml

Pfizer

Cefur RTU

50 mg/ml

10, 50 100 ml

Nawan

 

2. Cefotaxime Sodium

Antagonists: Gentamycin

Side effects: Usually safe to use in animals. But allergic reactions, vomiting and diarrhea may occur in some animals.

Horses: 20-30 mg/kg IV Ruminants:

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Excef

250mg, 500mg,1gm

5ml, 10ml

Indus

Ceforin

250mg,500mg,1gm

10ml, 5ml

Nawan labs

3. Ceftriaxone Sodium

Horses: 25-50mg/kg IM Ruminants:

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Oxidil

250mg,500mg,1gm

5ml,10ml

Sami

Maxaf

250mg,500mg,1gm

5ml,10ml

Indus

1. Aminoglycosides (Gentamicin, Kanamicin, Amikacin, Streptomycin, Neomycin)

Class: Bacteriocidal, Broad Spectrum

Mechanism: Irreversibly bind to the 30S ribosome

Indications: Infections caused by susceptible pathogens, cases of pneumonia, urinary tract infections, endometritis, and septicemias that are resistant to other antibiotics.

Antagonists: Amphotericin B, Cephalosporins produce nephrotoxicity.

Side effects: Intestinal flora may be disrupted, diarrhea may occur. Other includes intramuscular blockage (when used with anesthetic agents), nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity (oto=ear)

Notes: These are used in all species. 

1. Gentamycin

Horses: 3-6mg/kg BID IM Ruminants: 3-6mg/kg BID IM

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Genton

100 mg/ml

50 100 ml

ICI

Gentasel – 10

100 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Selmore PH

Medi G 10

100 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Medivet

Gentasal 100

100 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Atzan

Gentafar

100 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Farvet

Gentawan – 10

100 mg/ml

100ml

Nawan

Gentalin – 10

100 mg/ml

50,100ml

Star

Gentasal - 50

50 mg/ml

100 ml

Atzan


2. Gentamycin + Trimethoprim + Sulfonamide

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Genta plus

30+125+25

mg/ml

50,100ml

Leads Ph.

First Dose=30ml/50kg 2nd Dose=15ml/50kg

 3. Tylosin +Gentamycin

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Tylogent

100 + 50 mg/ml

50, 100ml

Eterna

LA=1ml/30kg SA=1ml/20kg

4. Kanamycin

Notes: More good effects in Dogs cats. Excessive dose can effect in 8th  Cranial Nerve.

Horses: 12-15mg/kg IM Ruminants: 12-15 mg/kg IM

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Kanasym

100 mg/ml

50,100ml

Symans

Kanacon

100 mg/ml

50,100ml

Vetcon Ph.

Kana Kak

100 mg/ml

50 ml

Trust Pharma

Kanamycin

100mg/ml

10, 50ml

China

Kanachron

100 mg/ml

10 50 ml

Star

5. Kanmycine + Ampicillin + Prednisolone + Chlorpheniramine

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Kapcine

100mg+200mg+10mg+4mg

50, 100ml

Leads Ph.

LA=1ml/20kg SA=1ml/10kg

1. Tetracyclines (Oxytetracycline,Doxycycline)

Class: Bacteriostatic, Broad Spectrum

Mechanism: Reversibly bind to the 30S ribosome

Indications: Infections caused by tetracycline-sensitive strains; anaplasmosis, often ineffective for endocarditis, empyema, meningitis, septic arthritis and osteomyelitis.

Antagonists: Antacids, milk, diuretics, methoxyflurane, penicillins, ferrous sulfate.

Side effects: Causes nephrotoxicity when administered at high Recommended Doses, Calcium Chelation is the major side effect. Can affect growing bone and teeth formation (cause straining of teeth) in young animals and some hepatotoxicity may occur at large doses.

Notes: Multiple doses should not be given to horses INTRAVENOUSLY. Doxycycline is mostly used in Dogs for Babesiosis.

1. Oxytetracycline (Simple)

Horses: 5mg/Kg IV Ruminants: 5-10mg/kg IM or IV Foals/Calf= 10-20mg/kg P.O.

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Remoxin

50 mg/ml

50 100 ml

PDH

Oxy S

50 mg/ml

50 ml

Selmore PH

Nawacin 50

50 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Nawan

Oxycon – 50

50 mg/ml

50 ml

Vetcon Ph.

Resomycin

50mg/ml

50ml

Star

2. Oxytetracycline LA

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Oxtra LA

200 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Fatro

1 ml/10 kg

Oxy LA

200 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Selmore PH

Same as above

Floxitetra LA

200 mg/ml

100 ml

Selmore AG

Same as above

Nawacin LA

200 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Nawan

Same as above

Remacycline LA

200 mg/ml

100 ml

Marush

Same as above

Rasomycine LA

200 mg/ml

50 ml

Star

Same as above

 3. Oxytetracycline PVD (Polyvinylpyrrolidone)

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Oxycare PVP

100 mg/ml

50 ml

Vetycare

1 ml/20 kg

Nawacin PVP

100 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Nawan

1 ml/20 kg

Oxy PVP

100 mg/ml

50 100 ml

Selmore PH

1 ml/20 kg

Resomycine PVP

100 mg/ml

50 ml

Star

1 ml/20 kg

1. AMPHENICOLS (Chloramphenicol, Florfenicol)

Class: Bacteriostatic, Broad Spectrum

Mechanism: Bind to the 50S ribosome

Indications: Upper respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, enteritis, and bacterial conjunctivitis. Side effects: Cause multiple genetic effects i.e. Aplastic anemia, Bone marrow dysfunction, blood dyscrasias (imbalance of four body fluids i.e. blood, bile, lymph and phlegm).Notes: Amphenicol are very stable and should not be used in food-producing animals because residues remain secreted up to 28 days in meat, milk or eggs. They are getting banned for producing genetic effects.

1. Chloramphenicol

Horses: 50mg/kg IV for 4 hrs Ruminants: Don’t used in food-producing animals

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Chlorocare

20 mg/ml

50 ml

Vetycare

Ls= 25 ml

Ms= 10 ml

Ss= 3 ml

Rexaphenicol

20 mg/ml

50 ml

SJ G

Same as above

Chloramphenicol 20

20 mg/ml

100 ml

Bremer

Same as above

Chlorobiotic

20 mg/ml

50 ml

Star

Same as above

2. Oxytetracycline + Chloramphenicol + Prednisolone + Lidocaine Notes:Antimicrobial as well as anti-inflammatory

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Chlorotatrason

5 g + 10 g + 500 mg

+ 1 g

50 ml

Marial

1 ml/10 kg

Oxyclore-P

5 g + 10 g + 500 mg

+ 1 g

50 ml

Enterna

1 ml/10 kg

Oxypenisol

5 g + 10 g + 500 mg

+ 1 g

50 ml

Star

1 ml/10 kg

3. Florfenicol

Notes: Should not be used in calves and Heifers. Approved  for P.hemolytica and P.multocida.

Horses: Don’t Used Ruminants: 20mg/kg IM repeated after 48 Hrs

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Naflor

300 mg/ml

10 50 ml

Nawan

1 ml/15 kg

Florofen

300 mg/ml

50 ml

Leads

1 ml/15 kg

1.SULPHONAMIDES:

Class: Bacteriostatic, Broad Spectrum

Mechanism: These antimicrobials are analogs of para-aminobenzoic acid and competitively inhibit the formation of dihydropteric acid.

Indications: Acute urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, wound infections, coccidiosis and foot rot.

Side Effects: Causes urticaria and crystal formation in renal tract.

Notes: Should not be used IM as they can cause sloughings. Most simple sulfonamides are mostly used in Ruminants and not in other spp. due to irritation.

 1. Sulfadimidine Sodium(Sulfamethazine) Class: Sulfonamides

Ruminants: 50-220mg/kg P.O. or IV (Initial dose, subsequent doses should be half)

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Sulfadine

33.3%

100 ml

PDH

Dimadin

33.3%

100 400 ml

Nawan

Demicon

33.3 %

100 500 ml

Vetcon

Sulfadox

33.3%

100 500 ml

Zaidis Int.

Sandine

33.3%

50,100ml

Sanna labs

Sulfadimadine

33.3 % (333mg)

100 500 ml

Star

2 .Tribrissen (Trimethoprim + Sulfadiazine) Class: PotentiatedSulfonamides

Indications: Very effective as compared to simple sulfa drugs.

Notes: Sulfadiazine, alone,  is used in all species at the rate of 50mg/kg.

Trade name

Composition

Packing

Company

Recommended Dose

Tribrissen

T=8% + S=40%

10 50 ml

GSK

1ml/15 kg

Tribactral Inj.

T=8% + S=40%

10 50 ml

Selmore PH

Same as Above

Tryton

T=8% + S=40%

10 50 ml

ICI

Same as Above

Triben

T=8% + S=40%

10 50 ml

Eterna

Same as Above

Sulprim

T=8% + S=40%

10 50 ml

Hilton

Same as Above

Trimodin – 48

T=8% + S=40%

10,50, 100ml