These buffaloes are mainly found in Khwaza Khella and Madyan areas of Swat district about 175 km
north east of Peshawar in KPK, but can be found in whole valley of Swat. Azi-Khelies have been named
after a local tribe ‘Aziz Khell
Colour variation in Azi-Kheli is quite pronounced,
varying from complete albino animals to piebald to even black. Forehead has a white marking of varying
size andcan be totally white with a tapering face.Horns are small semi-sickled in shape.The tail is
characteristically short and slender.
Estimated live weight is 350 to 450 kg.Milk
yield per lactation is about 1800 litres
Azi-Kheli buffaloes are generally docile.
First impression of the animals gives an indication of an albino buffalo of Pakistan but many animals are partially or fully pigmented. Animals brought to hotter climate of Peshawar have been demonstrated to develop darker brown skin. Some animals are piebald: similar to an Indonesian buffalo breed (most expensive for it color). Thus partial or full albinism is not an exception but a normal color in this breed. Some animals have not quite but some similarity with the swamp buffaloes, especially the facial expression. Those who have not seen brown and white buffalo might even confuse it with cattle because buffaloes are considered as black (gold) and not brown (gold). Actually the piebald pattern also exists in breeds such as Nili-Ravi yet, not that frequent. The Azi-Kheli calves have lighter brown or even white pigmentation. This characteristic is similar to swamp buffalo calves that have lighter color than their parents.
Animals are smaller than the two main buffalo breeds of Pakistan (Nili-Ravi and Kundhi). Body weight is around 450 kg with males of the same age slightly higher in weight. In many cases females might even have more weight than the breeding males. Calves also have similar weight ranges as with other breeds. Mature height of the animals is also smaller than the other buffalo breeds of the country but length seems similar to the other breeds.
Horns are not tightly curled as is the case in Nili-Ravi or Kundhi breeds. Horns are very long in the swamp buffaloes and are straight backward like a sword. In Azi-Kheli, horns are rather more similar to Italian Mediterranean breed of buffaloes. They are thick and grow backward from the base and curve slightly upward towards the tip. Front look in some animal gives an impression that forehead is wide but that is because horns do not go up from the base and then curl inward rather they go backward and then do not come forward. A face devoid of horns and ears jut below them (some times hidden) gives a characteristic look of the Azi-Kheli face. Typical horn shape also gives a wider look of the forehead.
Eyes are neither small (elephant eyes) nor bulging (Jersey cattle eyes). In animals with lighter orbits the eyes give a swollen look. Animals usually have wall-eyes (similar to Nili-Ravi breed) but both can be both or one black or one black and the other wall-eye. A wall-eye has a whitish iris.
Udder is of medium size, not as pronounced as in Nili-Ravi or Kundhi breeds and teat size also small. Productivity is lower than the other breeds of Pakistan yet smaller size is advantageous due to lower maintenance cost and could be more efficient.
Males have smaller size and thus are more agile than heavier breeds such as Nili-Ravi. Testicles are of medium size but sheath is very tight in most cases.
Most animals have a heavy hair load on the forehead. In some animals hair cover on forehead is few inches yet, it does not give a yak impression where forehead hair are very long and may even cover the eyes. This also gives an impression that area just below the forehead (area between eyes) is slightly deeper. Color of muzzle is white if the head lacks pigmentation and is blackish if pigmentation is there. Hair length also changes with weather. Calves have a thick hairy coat even in winter. Animals are agile due to smaller size and more sure footed because of adaptation to specific circumstances. Ears are very hairy – an adaptation to cold climate. Tail is short and generally ends at hocks. Tuft of hair on the knees is common. Resistance to diseases is reportedly quite good.
Although, buffaloes are looked as animals of hotter irrigated areas of Punjab and Sindh, this breeds seems to have good ability to tolerate severe cold of Swat valley where temperature goes below zero for many weeks of winter. Fertility has been opinioned to be very good. Animals produce adequately on crop wastes and are easily handled by women and kids who take care of them most of the times.
aerial view of azikheli buffalo farm charbagh swat
Azikheli Buffalo Progressive Farmer Sambat Swat
Azikheli Buffalo in his Home tract Binkat Swat
Azikheli Buffalo Calf in Azikheli Buffalo Farm Charbagh Swat
Azikheli Buffalo in his Home tract Shamak Swat
Azikheli Buffalo taking Silage Feed at Azikheli Buffalo Farm Charbagh Swat
Azikheli Buffalo taking rest in cubicle in Azikheli Buffalo Charbagh Swat
Azikheli Buffalo in Paddock at Azikheli Buffalo Farm Charbagh Swat