Kundhi Buffalo Breed

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Kundhi buffaloes are found throughout Sindh, particularly on both sides of river Indus from Kashmore to Shah Bandar (Sindh). They are also found in some parts of Balochistan province.

About kundhi Breed

kundhi buffalo

The Kundhi breed derives its name from the shape of its horns. A typical specimen of this breed would possess horns in shape of curl, thick at the base and pointed at the tip and form a well-shaped ring called "Kundhi". It was first briefly described as "Kundhi"by Ware (1942). Ulvi (1927) described these animals as Murrah - Sindhi buffaloes.They closely resemble the Murrah and are considered a geographical type of the same

Ulvi (1927) gave a good account of Murrah buffaloes in Sind. He termed Sindhi Murrah and applied the name "KUNDHI" to the shape of their horns (meaning fishhook). Ware (1942 d) first described the Kundhi as a breed while admitting that some breeders still considered it as a geographical type of the Murrah. His description has been followed by Phillips (1945), Pakistan (1949), Haq (1950) and Kaura (1952); Pakistan (1952) also described the Kundhi as a breed.

They are found in the rice-growing regions in north Sind (Ware, 1942) and more specifically irrigated riverain from Shahbanda in the south to Kashmore in the north (Ulvi 1927). Further from the Indus River, these buffaloes are found in the swampy and rice-growing tracts of the Karachi and Hyderabad districts, wet/dry areas of Larkana, irrigated areas of Khairpur and the whole of Sukkur district.

Home Tract

The Kundhi breed of buffalo is mainly confined to rice-growing and swampy areas of Sind around the Indus River extending from Kashmore in the north to Shahbanda in the south. The tract is hot and dry during summer months with very little rainfall. The winter months are moderately cool. They get plenty of natural grazing in the bet areas of the Indus River. The farmers produce sufficient quantity of crop residues from rice, wheat, maize, millet, sorghum and banana in addition to grown fodders like
Egyptian clover, alfalfa, oats, etc.


Breed Characters

Kundhi buffaloes are usually jet black but light brown is not uncommon. Ulvi (1927) has mentioned some 'white animals also. According to him, fancy attributes included a white star on forehead, white switch of the tail, four white hooves and walleyes; but Wahid (1976) reports that white markings on the forehead are discriminated against in the show ring. The barrel is medium-sized. The back is wide and depressed in the middle. The neck is thin in females but is thick and massive in entire males. The dewlap is absent. The chest is wide and well developed. Legs are short and straight. Hooves are black
and interdigital space is small. Hindquarters in females are heavier and wider than the males. The tail is long, thin and flexible and usually extends up to the middle of fetlock nding in a black tuft. The udder is moderately developed and is well tucked up.

The teats are medium-sized and spaced apart.Kundhi are comparatively smaller than the Nili-Ravi with a live weight of 320-450 kg. Milk yield averages 9 kg daily, with good animals reaching 18 kg (Ware, 1942). Ten.animals at the Sukhar farm averaged 2000 kg in 300 days (or 2120 kg in a total lactation
period of 316 days (Ulvi, 1927). This would be under high-class management.


Physical Characters:
These are massive, jet-black animals. Their horns are broad at the base and taper upward and inward, giving them a fishhook shape, hence the name `Kundhi'.White spots on the body and straight horns are considered undesirable in this Breed. They have a broad forehead, short neck, and medium-sized ears. They have large, strong udders.
Maturity:
Males, 30 months, Female, 36 months. Milk yield: 1700-2200 liters with a 6% butterfat.
Body weight:
Males, 500-600Kg; Females, 300-400Kg

Pure kundhi buffalo

Pure kundhi buffalo in a dairy farm

kundhi Buffalo male

kundhi Buffalo male

Kundhi buffalo Heifer

Kundhi buffalo Heifer

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