Organic manure made from their cow dung promotes agricultural produce. Milk, food is the main source of these animals, it is also a major source of income for the farmers. In such a situation, some farmers are currently showing their inclination towards animal husbandry due to not getting much profit in agriculture. If you are thinking about doing animal husbandry, then you can start goat rearing.
The biggest advantage in goat rearing is that the market becomes available locally for this. Due to which there is no problem with the market. Goats popularly known as poor cows in rural areas have always been recognized as a safe source of livelihood. As a goat being a small animal, the cost of its maintenance is also reduced. Even during a drought, its food can be easily arranged. Women and children can also take care of it easily, and at the same time, if needed, it can be fulfilled by selling it easily.
Most of the small and marginal farmers of the Bundelkhand region of UP, due to low income, must raise one or two animals in the family, so that milk is available for them. These include cow, buffalo, and goat, etc. Due to the drought in the past few years, due to the difficult task of making proper arrangements of fodder, etc. for big animals, people are now giving priority to goat rearing.
Goats breed in india
Indian breeds of goats (Goat breeds in India): - About 21 main goat breeds are found in India. The breeds of these goats are divided into three parts on the basis of production -
Milch breeds: - It includes Jamunapari, Surti, Jakharana, Barbari, and Beetal.
Unproductive breeds: - These include Black Bengal, Osmanabadi, Marwadi, Mehsana, Sangamneri, Kachchi and Sirohi breeds.
Wool-producing breeds: - Among these are Kashmiri, Changthang, Gaddi, Chegu, etc., from which Pashmina is obtained.
How run Goat Farm
The cattle rearing does not require a separate shelter for goat rearing. They can easily keep them at their home. If goat rearing is done on a large scale, then it is necessary to build a separate enclosure for it. Most of the people in the Bundelkhand region of UP work with farm farming and goat rearing. In such a situation, these goats roam the fields and forests and get their food easily. Therefore, separate grains and straw, etc. have to be arranged in small quantities for them.
It is worth noting that apart from native goats, proper arrangement of grain, seed, and fodder, etc. has to be done for goat farming of Barbari and Jamunapari breed. But that too gets cheap. A family can easily raise two to five goats without any additional arrangement. The women of the house can easily take care of the goat and their husk is treated with leftovers after eating. Their food becomes tasty by adding a little seedless granule on top. A clean and dry place is needed for goats to live.
Breeding in Goat
At about the age of one and a half, a goat comes into the state of breeding the child and breeding in 6-7 months. Usually, a goat breeding 3 to 4 children at a time and breeding them twice a year increases their number. Sell the child only after raising it for one year.
Significant diseases in goats
In native goats, there is a problem of worm and itching in the stomach mainly with mouth disease-cracking disease. These problems often occur in the rainy season.
The disease spreads easily and rapidly in goats. Therefore, as soon as symptoms of the disease are seen, they should be immediately shown by an animal doctor. Sometimes diseases are cured with native treatment.
Precautions for goat rearing
Due to the population area being adjacent to the forest, there is a fear of wild animals, because the place where the goat lives, smells of it and smelling that smell, the wild animals start coming towards the village. Sometimes they even harm pets.Keep small children of goats from dogs.Goat is an animal which causes more damage to crops. Therefore, special care has to be taken in the event of a crop in the field.
Problems in goat farming
A goat is a cow of the poor, yet there are many problems in its rearing. It is most difficult to care for a goat during the rainy season. Because goat does not sit in the wet place and at the same time disease is also very much in them. Despite the smell of goat milk being nutritious, no one wants to buy it. Therefore, there is no value for it. The goat has to be taken for grazing daily. Therefore, a person has to always be there to look after him.
Goat farming (bakari palan) with the drought-affected area is a low-cost good business that can be easily carried out, it has broad benefits as follows-
Cash can be easily obtained by selling goats at the time of need.
No technical knowledge is required for goat rearing.
This business spreads very fast. Therefore, this business is going to give more profit at a lower cost.
The market for these is available locally. Most businessmen come from the village and buy goats and goats.