List of Most Popular Cattle Breeds in India
Rathi Cattle Breed
Mostly found in Loonkaransar Tehsil of Bikaner and Ganganagar Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan and also found in Fazilka Abhror district of Punjab, adjoining to Rajasthan. Usually brown with white patches all over the body but animals having complete brown or black with white patches are often encountered. Horn short and generally does not exceed 3-4 inches.
Ponwar Cattle Breed
This study was undertaken in order to characterize the Ponwar breed and to establish its present status so that suitable breeding strategies and conservation models could be suggested for the overall improvement of the breed. The Ponwar is a draught cattle breed and is native to the Pilibhit District of Uttar Pradesh. The breeding tract lies between latitude 28°4’ and 28°8’ North and between longitude 79°0’ and 80°4’ East.
Ongole Cattle Breed
The weight of an Ongole female is 432 to 455 kg. Milk yield is 600 kg to 2518 kg. The lactation period is 279 days. Ongole milk has a butterfat content of over five percent. This results in large, well-nourished calves with considerable growth by the time of weaning. Ongole cows stay close to their calves to protect them from predatory animals.
Nimari Cattle Breed
Nimari Breed is known as the “Biological Engine of Nimari” Nimari breed originated from cross of Gir and Khillari around the Maheshwar Barwani region. The home tract is concentrated in the central part of the Khargone Barwani district. The border of Kharone district towards Khandwa, Indore Dewas has also a thin population of Nimari breed of cattle. The Govt. of M.P. Department of Animal Husbandry has established a Cattle breeding farm for Nimari breed. After selective breeding, males are supplied to the “Control breeding center to farmers also.
Krishna Cattle Breed
Nanda Maharaja had 900,000 cows. Visvanatha Cakravarti gives this description of the cows of Vrindavana. Krishna knew every cow by name. If any cow was missing Krishna would immediately chase after the missing cow and call her by name. The cows were divided into herds by color, either black, white, red, or yellow. In each color, there were 25 further divisions making a total of 100 herds.
Killari Cattle Breed
Killari is a breed of cattle, of the Bos indicus sub-species, found in Man and Khatav taluka in Satara and Shirol taluka in Kolhapur andAtpadi taluka in Sangli in the Mumbai region of western India. The breed is well adapted to the tropical and drought-prone conditions present in this part of the world and is favored by the local farming community due to their ability to handle the hardships of farming pretty well. In spite of this, lately, the breed is showing a steady decline in numbers mostly due the low milk yield which forms an alternate stream of income for the farming community.
Red Sindhi Cattle Breed
Sindhi cattle are the most popular of all Zebu dairy breeds. The breed originated in the Sindh province of Pakistan, they are widely kept for milk production across Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and other countries. They have been used for crossbreeding with temperate (European) origin dairy breeds in many countries to combine their tropical adaptations (heat tolerance, tick resistance, disease resistance, fertility at higher temperatures, etc.) with the higher milk production found in temperate regions. It has been crossed with Jerseys in many places, including India, the United States, Australia, Sri Lanka, etc. Other breeds it has been crossed with include Holstein-Friesian, Brown Swiss and Danish Red.
Sahiwal Cattle Breed
Sahiwal is a breed of Zebu cattle which primarily is used in dairy production. Sahiwal originated from the Sahiwal district of Pakistan, a region in Punjab province of Pakistan.They produce the most milk of all zebu breeds, followed by the very similar Red Sindhi and Butana breeds. The Sahiwal originated in the dry Punjab region which lies along the Indian-Pakistani border. They were once kept in large herds by professional herdsmen called "Junglies". With the introduction of irrigation systems to the region, they began to be kept in smaller numbers by the farmers of the region, who used them as draught and dairy animals. Today the Sahiwal is one of the best dairy breeds in India and Pakistan. Due to their heat tolerance and high milk production, they have been exported to other Asian countries as well as Africa and the Caribbean.
Kangeyam Cattle Breed
The Kangeyam or Kangayam cattle derives its name from the Kangeyam taluk which includes Erode, Karur, Namakkal and Dindigul districts in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is an indigenous breed of India. The animals are medium built-in general and is considered a good draught breed in South India. Although the milk of Kangayam cows has high nutritious value with no bad fat, the breed is considered a poor milker. However, in some cases, good milkers are also found, giving 18 to 20 liters during the peak milking period. The color of the cattle is grey or white with black markings. The breed is on the wane, due to poor government support for indigenous breeds, although individual conservative efforts are bearing some fruit.
Kankrej Cattle Breed
Kankrej cattle are a breed of Zebu cattle from the district of Banaskantha in the state of Gujarat in India, north of Mumbai (Bombay) on the west coast of India. They are also known by the names Bannai, Nagar, Talabda, Vaghiyar, Wagad, Waged, Vadhiyar, Wadhiar, Wadhir, and Wadial.Guzerat cattle are a breed developed in Brazil from Kankrej cattle imported from India. The name is a Portuguese spelling of Gujarat. They are, of course, very similar, both being tall draft/beef breeds with high horns. On average, Guzerat are darker, bigger and have longer horns than Kankrej. The bulls usually are quite dark on the head and forequarters, lighter elsewhere. Guzerat and Kankrej are the principal breeds used in the formation of the American Brahman, along with the Gir and the Nelore. They show the usual advantages of Zebu cattle in the Tropics and Semi-Tropics, good heat tolerance and pest resistance.
Jawari Cattle Breed
Jawari (local): These animals are observed with most of the cultivators in the district. These are small-sized animals of a mixed and non-descript origin and, therefore have different colors. The breeds of buffaloes found in the district are the Pandharpuri and Jawari, the local one. The animals of the Pandharpuri breed are medium-sized and are found commonly in the eastern and central portions of the district which have light and medium rainfall respectively. These animals yield much more milk than the animals of the local breed (Jawari) and at the same time are very economical to maintain. The animals of the local breed are small-sized and are commonly used for agricultural purposes in the heavy rainfall areas, though they are scattered all over the district.
Kenkatha Cattle Breed
The Kenwariya is also known as Kenkatha. They get their name from the River Ken, as they are bred along the banks of this small river in the hilly area of Bundelkhand. These cattle are also bred in territories of Panna, Charkhari, Bijawar, and Ajaigarh which are part of Vindhya Pradesh in India. The Kenwariya cattle are small, sturdy and fairly powerful, varying in color from gray on the barrel to dark gray on the rest of the body. The head is short and broad and the forehead is dished. Horns emerge from the outer angles of the poll in a markedly forward direction and terminate in sharp points. Ears are sharply pointed and do not droop. The body is short, deep and compact. The back is straight but the quarters are drooping. The limbs are short but powerful and the feet are hard. The hump is well developed.
Hariana Cattle Breed
Hariana is a Bos indicus breed used for draft purposes in northern India where they are found. They are well suited to fast road work, being able to pull a one-ton load at 2 miles per hour and cover 20 miles a day. While females are kept primarily for the breeding of oxen, they are also milked. The breed averages 1400 kg of milk per lactation but high producing animals will produce over 2300 kg in a single lactation. The breed belongs to the short-horned type of zebu and is grey or white. The average cow weighs 310 kg and the average bull 430 kg.
Hallikar Cattle Breed
The Hallikar is a Bos indicus breed selected primarily for draft purposes and is of the Mysore type of zebu cattle. Considered one of the premier draft breeds in India they are often raised by families who have specialized in the production of Hallikar draft animals for hundreds of years. It is not unusual for a cow to be brought 100 miles to mated with a bull from these breeders. They are found primarily in the southern region of Karnataka state, in the area surrounding Mysore, in the bottom of the Indian peninsula. In addition to normal draft uses the breed is also used for cart racing. Once trained, a team of Hallikar oxen can pull a loaded cart over rough roads at a rate of 40 miles per day. The typical color is dark grey. The Hallikar is the origin of the Amritmahal breed.
Gaolao Cattle Breed
Gaolao cattle fit into the group of short-horned, white or light-gray in color, with a long coffin-shaped skull, orbital arches not prominent and with a face slightly convex in profile. It is also observed that the native home of the breed is located along the route taken by the Rig Vedic Aryans from the Northern passes through Central India to the South. There is a close similarity between the Ongole and the Gaolao except the latter are much lighter, with greater agility. It is said that the Marathas developed this breed into a fast-trotting type suitable for quick army transport in the hilly areas of Gondwana, Madhya Pradesh. It was used mainly for military purposes by the Maratha army when invading the local Gond Kingdom. Old historical records show that the breed had fair milk-producing capacity, but during the last two centuries selection has been directed mainly towards developing a capacity for the quick draft. The breed is found principally in the districts of Wardha, Nagpur, and Chindwara.
Gir Cattle Breed
The origin of the breed is in the Gir forest region and surrounding districts of Saurashtra region of Gujarat State. It is a moderate to large size breed. The females average 385 kg with a height of 130 cm and the males average 545 kg with a height of 135 cm. The average milk yield for the Gir is 1590 kg per lactation, with a record production of 3182 kg at 4.5% fat in India. In Brazil, they average 3500 kg per lactation, with a world record production of 17.120 kg by the cow Profana de Brasília. The body color is shining red to spotted white. Skin is soft, thin, and glossy. Occasionally animals that are predominantly white with red spots are also seen, according to Dr. J. V. Solanki, Dean, Veterinary College, Anand Agricultural University (AAU), Anand, Gujarat.
Gangatiri Cattle Breed
The objectives of this analysis were to study physiological aspects, lactation days, feed costs and milk production, and also to consider the contribution of various cost components in milk yield from Gangatiri (Shahabadi) cows. Multi-stage random sampling was used to analyze data collected from sample households in India for 1 yr (1985/86). The av. lactation period of Gangatiri cows was 339 days, feed cost/lactation day was Rs 2.73, feed cost/day was Rs 2.16, milk production/lactation day was 4.51 liters and milk production/day was 2.93 liters.
Deoni Cattle Breed
Deoni is a cow breed from the princely state of Hyderabad that gives a large quantity of milk. This breed of cow is developed by Dr. Munshi Abdul Rahman. The Deoni is an important dual-purpose breed of cattle in India. These animals are quite popular in the tracts of former Hyderabad State which is now Telangana and adjoining districts of Karnataka and Maharashtra. Their crosses with Holstein and Jersey are very good milk yielders. Deoni cattle are hardy and well adapted to their breeding tract and constitute an important cattle genetic resource of India. The Deoni breed of cattle also sometimes known as Dongari/Dongarpati ("of the hills"), Surti or Deccani, has been evolved within the last 200 years. The name of the breed is derived from the Deoni Taluka of Latur district of Maharashtra.
Dangis Cattle Breed
Dengis have taken their name from the tract of the country in Bombay State known as Dangs. It is a hilly tract with heavy rainfall and a very poor agricultural economy. The breed has become well-known on account of its hardy nature and its ability to work hard under heavy rainfall conditions. The Dangi breed, which is similar to Deoni, appears to fit into the group of cattle represented by the Gir, Red Sindhi and Sahiwal. The Dangis are of broken red and white or black and white color. The animals are medium in size, with deep bodies and generally of the ponderous build. The height behind the hump ranges from about 45 to 50 inches while the heart girth measures from about 58 to 60 inches, on average.
Bargur Cattle Breed
Bargur (Kannada:ಬರಗೂರು/Tamil:பர்கூர்) is a breed of cattle native to the Bargur forest hills in Bhavani Taluk of Erode District in north Tamil Nadu in India. The cattle are usually moderate and compact in build and have brown skin with white patches, though rarely full white and brown complexions are found. They are known to be very aggressive and are of a fiery disposition, and hence difficult to train. Accustomed to forest hills of the rugged and inhospitable forests of the Western Ghats, they are best known for their endurance, speed and trotting ability. Milk is known to be of medicinal value. They have been usually reared in herds exclusively by the Kannada speakingLingayats of the Bargur region.
Amrit Mahal Cattle Breed
Amrit Mahal(Kannada:ಅಮೃತ ಮಹಲ್) cattle, hitherto known as Benne Chavadi, is a breed of cattle that originated from the erstwhile state of Mysore in Karnataka, India. They originated from the Hallikar breed cattle which were bred with the then-existing closely related breeds, Hagalavadi and Chitradurga. Originally developed for use in the war for transporting equipage, the bullocks are notable for their great endurance and speed. Their head is elongated with a ridge in the middle and a bulging forehead. The cows, in contrast, are poor milk-yielders and hence, are classified to be a draught breed. It is one of the two breeds, along with Hallikar, which have received royal patronage and care from the erstwhile Vijayanagara Kingdom, sultans and the princely state of Mysore through conservation and development.
Vechur Cattle Breed
Vechur Cattle (Malayalam: വെച്ചൂര് പശു ) is a rare breed of Bos indicus cattle named after the village Vechoor in Kottayam district of the state of Kerala in India. With an average length of 124 cm and a height of 87 cm, it is the smallest cattle breed in the world according to the Guinness Book of Records and is valued for the larger amount of milk it produces relative to the amount of food it requires. The Vechur animals were saved from extinction due to conservation efforts by Sosamma Type, a Professor of Animal Breeding and Genetics along with a team of her students. In 1989, a conservation unit was started. A Conservation trust was formed in 1998 to continue the work with farmer participation.
Umblachery Cattle Breed
The Umblachery breed of cattle is also known by the names “Mottai Madu” and Mollie Madu”. Umblachery cattle which is the native breed of coastal plains of Thanjavur and Nagapattinam districts derive the name from its home tract Umblachery a small village situated eight Km away from Thiruthuraipoondi town in Thiruvarur district. It is believed that the Umblachery breed was derived by breeding Kangayam with the local cattle of Thanjavur district. These are light built and medium-sized animals that were developed for work in the marshy rice fields of these areas. Its body is compact with the tucked-up abdomen. In adult animals the predominant coat color is grey. The intensity of color varies from grey with admixed of black to full grey color.
Tharparkar Cattle Breed
Tharparkar is an important dual-purpose breed raised primarily for its milking potential. The name "Tharparkar" has been derived from the place of its origin- The THAR desert. The home tract of this breed is in the Tharparkar district of southeast Sindh in Pakistan. In India, these animals are now found along the Indo-Pak border covering western Rajasthan and up to Rann of Kutch in Gujarat. Animals are white or gray in color. In bulls neck,hump and hindquarters are also black. forehead broad and flat and slightly convex above eyes. Ears are long, broad and pendulous and the switch of tail is of black color. Body size medium.