Distribution and Habitat
Dangi breed has taken its name from a tract of the country in Gujarat State
known as Dangi, which is the home tract of this breed. The breed is considered
to be an outcome of breeding between local and Gir cattle. The area is covered
by the northern portion of the Western Ghats. This tract comprises the hilly
and heavy :rainfall areas of Ahmednagar, Nasik, Thana of Mahanlshtra and
Dangs and Surat districts of Gujarat Stake.
Soil and Climate
In the valleys there exists good black soil. The animals of this breed thrive
in heavy rainfall tracts of Western Ghats and in the coastal areas (North
Konkan patti) as well. The rainfall in the tract varies from 127 to 381 cm.
The climate, on the whole, is pleasant.
The bullocks are excellent for all general agricultural work and are extensively
used for paddy cultivation and road transport in the Ghat areas and Konkan
The cows are poor milkers. The average age at first calving varies from 4 to
5 years. The average lactation yield varies from 550 to 680 kg, whereas the
well-cared and well-fed cows have yielded up to 1,590 kg. The animals subsist
mostly on grazing and on agricultural by-products. They are extremely hardy
animals and stand well to the heavy rainfall conditions.
(a) General: Dangi (Plate 1) is a big-boned, low-set animal, well-built, and
with rather a loose skin. It is a medium-sized, fast-working draught animal.
The av~rage weight of males varies from 364 to 455 kg and that of females
from 270 to 365 kg. The animals are docile and have an energetic and vigorous
appearance. The colour is kala kabra, i.e., black and wbite patches. The eyelids,
muzzle, inside of the ear, switch of the tail, skin surrounding the vulva and
teats in females, and scrotum in males are black.
(b) Head: Head is usually small with comparatively large and protruding
forebead, which has a prominent 'nimbori' (poll). The face is long with slightly
loose skin. Muzzle is jet black. Eyes are bright, large and deeply set in the
sockets with black eyelids. Usually the upper lids have loose skin folds.
Ears are short, fairly broad and black from inside. Long black hair line
the fringe of the ear. Horns are short and thick, sometimes like blunt stubs.
From their root they spring backwards, upwards and then forwards. The fancy
breeders train horns to get a typical shape.
(c) Body and Limbs: Neck is usually short and thick with very prominent
hump in males. Dewlap is thick and pendulous with folds. It extends from
lower jaw to navel flap. Chest is medium, deep and well developed. Shoulders
are broad and clean set. Fore-legs are set well apart, straight and medium in
size, with black strong hoofs and a little interdigital space. The pasterns are
long and sloping.
Barrel is long, rounded, capacious, and well developed. Back is straight but
dipping slightly towards the hump. Ribs are broad and well sprung. The navel
flap in both the sexes is long and pendulous.
Hind-quarters are fairly broad, muscular and well developed. Hips are fairly.
wide and slightly sloping. Thighs are flat and muscular. Buttocks are muscular
and angular but not well rounded. Twist (inside of thighs) is slightly curv~d
providing plenty of room between the legs. Tail is of medium length and thick
with black switch.
Legs are well set, placed apart with strong black hoofs. The hoof is particularly
hard and _can stand hard wear on rocky areas. Skin is loose, soft and pliable
with glossy hair.
(d) Udder: Udder is medium sized with black teats, which are fairly big.
The skin of the udder is black with licllt-coloured hair.
Averages for different body measurements in the two sexes are presented in
Points for Disqualification
Pinkish muzzle, red or white inside the ear; entire red or white teats or
scrotum; white hair on switch, brown or red colour around the eyes, 'Kowrie'
marks on skin; light-coloured interdigital space, and white streaks on hoofs
or horns are points for disqualification.